Blockchain adoption for traceability in food supply chain networks

In this research, the evolution of blockchain applied to supply chains has been mapped from the inception of the technology until June , utilizing primarily public data sources. We have analyzed blockchain projects on parameters such as their inception dates, types of blockchain, status, sectors applied to and type of organization that founded the project. We see the shift of market interest from private companies startups to public companies and consortia and the change in blockchain adoption from Ethereum to Hyperledger. Finally, we observe more market-ready solutions and fewer inactive projects for Hyperledger-based projects than Ethereum-based projects. Distributed Ledger Technology DLT promises to disrupt business models, business processes, and aspects of society by creating information systems that are transparent and provide a single point of truth for all members of a network Pilkington,



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WATCH RELATED VIDEO: The Digital Feed Episode 1: Trade and Traceability: Blockchain for Supply Chains

Estimating the Impact of Blockchain Adoption in the Food Processing Industry and Supply Chain


Openlink solutions work best when coupled with our world-class professional services team. Let us help you get the most from Openlink — before, during and after implementation. Blockchain food traceability is gaining momentum in the global agrifood sector. The ability to instantaneously trace the entire lifecycle of food products from origin through every point of contact on its journey to the consumer bolsters credibility, efficiency and safety.

Blockchain holds the promise of disruptive transformation, but not without potential roadblocks along the way. Transparency can be a double-edged sword in a dynamic market environment. Cryptocurrency speculation has introduced the world to blockchain technology. Blockchain is an immutable distributed ledger of digital transaction data that are continuously authenticated with each new transaction linked together in the chain.

This efficiency literally cuts out the need for third-party processors, while providing transparency and efficiency for dealers, suppliers and counterparties. With growing global supply chains, food safety is a top concern with both consumers and regulators. The World Health Organization WHO estimates that , people die annually from food contamination, which affects one in 10 people worldwide.

Children under age five are at the highest risk with , children dying every year from foodborne illness, according to WHO. Blockchain enhances the ability to quickly pinpoint potential sources of contamination to efficiently prevent, contain or rectify outbreaks.

Transparency in terms of blockchain food traceability can validate and authenticate food origin and improve brand credibility. Additional benefits include fraud prevention and the ability to better tackle outbreaks through prevention methods that can help minimize food testing expenses and improve margins.

Tracking a package of sliced mangoes purchased from a Walmart store took an internal team six days, 18 hours and 26 minutes to complete, reports Fortune. This prompted Walmart to begin pilot testing using blockchain for traceability.

Fortune notes that the blockchain pilot could trace the sliced mangoes through every checkpoint from a Mexican farm, to a hot-water treatment plant, to an importer, to a U.

Blockchain technology could cut down the time to trace the same sliced mangoes to just two seconds, according to Fortune. By the end of , Carrefour plans to expand blockchain to other food items including honey, eggs, milk, tomatoes, hamburgers and salmon. Swiss food company Nestle and British-Dutch Unilever have also participated in blockchain projects to improve food supply chain transparency, according to Reuters. There are inherent limitations for blockchain food traceability adoption.

For blockchain to be effective, there must be participation from all parties and points of contact involved. Additionally, data integrity lies in the hands of the data collectors and needs a system of validation to avoid tampering. Having a unified system with definitive standards and regulations is the major barrier to adoption.

Regulators are making strides to improve food safety measures. In the U. Integrating blockchain technology to enhance these systems has potential and probability. In February , the European Commission reported that it launched the EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum to further promote the awareness and engagement of blockchain technologies throughout European industries. Transparency pertaining to food traceability is good. However, when the transparency can be used as a strategy to exploit market pricing dynamics, then it can be a deterrent.

The nature of a dynamic pricing market is for participants to gain transparency to capitalize on pricing inefficiencies. This mechanism is what keeps markets competitive with participants constantly buying, selling and hedging to improve margins. Participants and counterparties are naturally leery of providing too much transparency that may expose pricing and hedging strategies. Blockchain is making headway in financial and manufacturing sectors in terms of optimizing processes and improving efficiencies.

As the agrifood sector embraces the benefits of blockchain technology, the need to stay competitive is what will ultimately drive the migration to blockchain. It is the nature of markets that mandate competitors to stay relevant to survive. To learn more about how Openlink Solutions can work to improve ROI and streamline operations in your business, contact us for a free consultation or no obligation demo. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.

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Openlink Logo. Products Cloud Platform Software. Article Blockchain food traceability can revolutionize the industry. Home Insights Articles Blockchain food traceability can revolutionize the industry. Blockchain food traceability can revolutionize the industry. Agriculture Commodities. Blockchain technology Cryptocurrency speculation has introduced the world to blockchain technology. Implications of food safety With growing global supply chains, food safety is a top concern with both consumers and regulators.

Blockchain enhances transparency Blockchain enhances the ability to quickly pinpoint potential sources of contamination to efficiently prevent, contain or rectify outbreaks. The Walmart pilot Tracking a package of sliced mangoes purchased from a Walmart store took an internal team six days, 18 hours and 26 minutes to complete, reports Fortune.

Limitations of blockchain There are inherent limitations for blockchain food traceability adoption. The regulators Regulators are making strides to improve food safety measures. The market transparency paradox Transparency pertaining to food traceability is good.

The migration to blockchain Blockchain is making headway in financial and manufacturing sectors in terms of optimizing processes and improving efficiencies. Request a consultation. Your privacy is important to us. Openlink will not disclose your email address to any third parties. Please review our privacy policy for details.

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Blockchain-based solution for Secure and Transparent Food Supply Chain Network

Skip to Main Content. We develop a three-tier supply chain model with multiple upstream tier-2 suppliers to investigate: how blockchain adoption affects incentives of supply chain members, and whether and how its anticipated benefits can be realized. We find that blockchain-enabled full traceability brings direct revenue benefit to every supply chain member by saving uncontaminated food from disposal pure traceability effect , but also leaves each tier of the supply chain vulnerable to its immediate downstream buyer's exploitation through strategically lowering the purchasing price strategic pricing effect. The interplay of the two effects may result in some of the supply chain members even the retailer being worse off with blockchain adoption, and the system being exposed to higher contamination risk; the latter is due to the weakened upstream supplier's incentive to exert contamination risk-reduction effort. Moreover, the supply chain network structure also influences the benefit distribution of blockchain adoption: The retailer always benefits from blockchain adoption in network structures where the tier-1 supplier's strategic pricing power is eliminated or weakened; all supply chain members benefit from blockchain adoption in a network with a large number of tier-2 suppliers. Finally, we show that alternative risk-mitigation schemes such as tier-2 coordination can diminish the value of blockchain adoption, and partial traceability enabled by tier-1 product inspection can be more beneficial to the retailer than blockchain adoption.

It is the same vast complexity of the agriproducts supply chain. application of blockchain technologies in the agri-food supply chain.

SAP Tackles Food Safety with Blockchain Breakthrough

When a family in the United States eats a piece of fish for dinner, they could be eating seafood caught near Fiji by a Chinese vessel, shipped to a packing plant in Thailand, and sold to a distributor in Mexico before it ever reached a U. And to complicate matters further, the selling name of a fish that travels through a global supply chain can vary across different countries or regions. Food fraud regulations vary by country: Some are more tightly controlled, such as in the European Union and pan-European countries, while others are less so, such as in the United States and Australia. Monitoring and enforcement across borders is clouded by differing common food names, definitions of food-related illegal activity, and regulatory processes. Transnational and often ocean-based food transportation supply chains are long and have many vulnerable points susceptible to contamination and criminal infiltration. Food regulations tend to focus on food safety to preserve human health. Yet human health can be compromised by profit-driven criminal infiltration in which the risk of detection is low and likelihood of penalty is even lower. Emerging, decentralized technologies, such as blockchain, provide cost-effective, non-manipulable, and transparent methods to trace each point in the journey from farm to fork—or, as it were, from sea to supper. Although consumer trust may increase in certain products and brands that adopt traceability technology, the cost will no doubt be passed on to the consumer.


How Blockchain will Transform the Food Supply Chain

blockchain adoption for traceability in food supply chain networks

As modern supply chains continue to expand, they also are becoming more complex and disparate. Typically, traditional supply chains use paper based and disjointed data systems that lead to information silos and make tracking products a time consuming task. Lack of traceability and transparency is an industry-wide challenge that leads to delays, errors, and increased costs. Modern supply chain participants need a unified view of data, while still being able to independently and privately verify transactions such as production and transport updates.

Blockchain, by definition, requires the collaboration and consensus of all of its participants. If you look at a commonly accepted definition, blockchain is a sequence of consensually verified transaction blocks chained together, with each of the supply chain members as an equal owner of the same transaction data.

Building a Transparent Supply Chain

Blockchain can solve the problems that the agriculture supply chain ASC is facing to achieve sustainable growth. In a nation like India, blockchain application in the supply chain is still new; therefore, supply chain players need a better understanding and awareness of blockchain through valuable insights. This study investigates the influence of numerous factors such as green and lean practices, supply chain integration, supply chain risk, performance expectancy, top management support, cost, internal and external environmental conditions, regulatory support, and innovation capability on BLCT adoption. This study's outcomes show that green and lean practices, supply chain integration, supply chain risks, internal and external conditions, regulatory support, innovation capability, and cost positively influence BLCT adoption. Moreover, BLCT positively influences sustainable agriculture supply chain performance.


Improving food safety through blockchain and other traceability technologies

Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Blockchain-based traceability in Agri-Food supply chain management: A practical implementation Abstract: The recent, exponential rise in adoption of the most disparate Internet of Things IoT devices and technologies has reached also Agriculture and Food Agri-Food supply chains, drumming up substantial research and innovation interest towards developing reliable, auditable and transparent traceability systems. Current IoT-based traceability and provenance systems for Agri-Food supply chains are built on top of centralized infrastructures and this leaves room for unsolved issues and major concerns, including data integrity, tampering and single points of failure. Blockchains, the distributed ledger technology underpinning cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, represent a new and innovative technological approach to realizing decentralized trustless systems. Indeed, the inherent properties of this digital technology provide fault-tolerance, immutability, transparency and full traceability of the stored transaction records, as well as coherent digital representations of physical assets and autonomous transaction executions.

facturers have adopted various technologies and approaches such as Blockchain enables companies involved in the supply chain network to.

Blockchain technology, the fundamental technology of Bitcoin, is featured with high transparency, decentralization, traceability, tamperproof nature, and anonymousness. In this thesis, a case study of the traceability of agricultural products is to explain a traceability solution of agricultural products supply chain based on blockchain and IPFS. The latter one is used to store large quantities of transactions data; and the former one is used for the safety of data storage and circulation. And consumers can know the quality of agricultural products in the shortest time through the evaluation function.


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Find Paper, Faster. The food and agriculture sector is considered to be a major employer at a worldwide level.

One of the most promising applications of emerging blockchain technology is supply chain management. Blockchain—the digital record-keeping system developed for cryptocurrency networks—can help supply chain partners with some of their challenges by creating a complete, transparent, tamperproof history of the information flows, inventory flows, and financial flows in transactions. The authors studied seven large U. Their early initiatives show that the technology can enable faster and more cost-efficient product delivery, make products more traceable, streamline the financing process, and enhance coordination among buyers, suppliers, and banks. There are special requirements for using blockchain in supply chain management: restricting participation to known, trusted partners; adopting a new consensus protocol; and taking steps to keep errors and counterfeits out of the supply chain. But if implemented thoughtfully, the authors suggest, blockchain could pay big dividends for companies in a host of industries.

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  1. Csaba

    Reminded .... Exactly, that's right.

  2. Chike

    By what useful topic

  3. Aziz

    I join all of the above. We can talk about this topic. Here, or in the afternoon.

  4. Karlens

    It is strange to see that people remain indifferent to the problem. Perhaps this is due to the global economic crisis. Although, of course, it's hard to say unequivocally. I myself thought for a few minutes before writing these few words. Who is to blame and what to do is our eternal problem, to my mind Dostoevsky spoke about this.