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- Blockchain Technology in Finance
- Encrypted Blockchain Databases
- Is cryptocurrency the future of money?
- Understanding Cryptocurrency: Everything You Need to Know But Were Afraid to Ask
- Rock Out with Your Block Out: George Brown Launches a Blockchain Program
- Investors fear ‘crypto winter’ is coming
- A Content-Analysis Based Literature Review in Blockchain Adoption within Food Supply Chain
Blockchain Technology in Finance
Strategic business consulting news and analysis from BRG. Blockchain has a trust problem. Or, at least, a perceived trust problem. A decade after the ascents of Bitcoin and later Ethereum, the technology behind those cryptocurrencies—blockchain, a distributed electronic database that records and automates transactions—is still widely misunderstood among the public and even within boardrooms. And the best, fastest way to do that is through regulation and smart policymaking. Trust, of course, is an essential part of how economies and markets operate.
It enables and facilitates transactions that create value. Therefore, through the lens of economic theory, blockchain represents a new way of answering an age-old question: How can we create enough trust to peacefully, efficiently enable parties to exchange something of value? Blockchain is really just a distributed electronic database of transactions, individually secured with a mathematical signature block and then linked together chain.
And the more transactions that can be verified deemed trustworthy and automated, the more economic opportunities will emerge.
Blockchain applications are involved with managing complex shipping and logistical issues at international ports Maqta Gateway in Abu Dhabi and the Port of Antwerp in the Netherlands , providing a transparent record of trading activity on the Australian stock market and securing end-to-end transactions as part of a pilot program by the UK Land Registry. Governments, policymakers and regulators are positioned to confer trust and legitimacy on blockchain—and to unlock its transformative economic potential—by promoting its adoption and developing best-use cases.
To do this effectively, they need to invest in human capital, subject-matter expertise, a clear permission policy framework and governance.
They must educate not only themselves on the applications of blockchain technology, but also their citizens. Blockchain has the potential to radically upend traditional business models in a number of different areas: supply chain logistics, fair trade practices, property transactions, personal identity management and government, to name a few.
Supply chain matters, where blockchain has made its first inroads outside of the financial sector, involve a complex series of transactions that move through multiple parties and transactions, each with its own contract and fulfillment terms. Blockchain enables the parties to automate and verify fulfilment of the terms at every step along the way, and to send and record payments instantly.
Cybersecurity represents another powerful opportunity for blockchain technology. The sheer volume of data that individuals and organizations are generating—much of it related to sensitive personally identifiable information, tamper-prone financial transactions or national security infrastructure like water or energy—is pushing existing systems into chaos. Security breaches are the norm. Incidences of falsified records and identity theft are on the rise.
Meanwhile, businesses spend endlessly on privacy and security measures—only to find that the hackers are already a step ahead or soon will be. With blockchain applications securing personally identifiable information and sensitive transactions, digital records would become much more secure.
The mathematically generated signature on each record is nearly impossible to fake, hack or tamper with—providing greater security and transparency to interactions between governments, businesses and citizens. Think of all the scenarios where transactions depend on verification of personal information: salary certificates, car registration, property lease holds, titles and birth certificates, etc.
By investing in developing blockchain expertise, readiness and proprietary technology, policymakers and regulators have an opportunity to proactively lead and shape the future. Government involvement sends signals to the market that confer legitimacy and credibility.
It tells entrepreneurs and investors that the technology is worth exploring for business opportunities. This will pave the way for blockchain to be integrated into more sectors and increase the number of trusted transactions in many aspects of daily life. So how can regulators signal to the market that blockchain is open for business?
It starts with creating jurisdictional competence and awareness of the technology. We see a handful of governments leading the way. Among many relevant examples of governments taking policy action, here are a few projects worth highlighting:. As part of a plan to make its capital, Abu Dhabi, a key jurisdiction for blockchain innovation—and to attract the best and brightest—UAE officials are creating top-down policies that embrace innovation, entrepreneurship and experimentation.
From the creation of economic zones and digital sandboxes with rules that are more permissive to blockchain use-cases, such as the Maqta Gateway shipping hub , the UAE government is moving proactively, strategically and with the intent to learn and grow fast. BRG professionals helped advise the government on this project.
While the UAE is focused on calculated implementation and entrepreneurial pilots, the European Commission has taken a rather long-tailed, policy-first approach. The EU has invested tremendous funds, personnel and energy into innovating on the policy and regulatory side. Member-state Malta was first out of the gate in passing comprehensive legislation around regulating blockchain technologies, and other states are not far behind.
In Malta, a European Union member state, the parliament recently passed a series of three bills designed to bolster blockchain innovation with legal certainty. If governments around the world do not seize this moment, and instead opt to let the invisible hand of the market do the heavy lifting, the fallout could ultimately do real damage to the innovation economy.
Harsher reactionary regulation could come from confused and potentially fearful populations that, if not persuaded by trusted authorities, might eventually take their techno-distrust to the ballot box. Innovation, as well as human progress and quality of life, may suffer as a result. Regulation and innovation are often posed as opposing forces, but in practical terms, it's not a simple dichotomy. Regulation is necessary for innovation to truly thrive and benefit all.
Blockchain has the potential to make transactions more secure, information more transparent and lives more empowered. But first, it has to have a make-over and be seen as a transformative enabling platform, not a suspicious crypto idea. The role of government and regulators therefore is critical. We hope they rise to the occasion and become architects, not victims, of the future.
Issue 2. Issue 3. Issue 4. Issue 5. Issue 6. Issue 7. Jun Kieran Brown and Michael Jelen. Kieran Brown, Michael Jelen and Nabil Manzoor The technology could revolutionize security and transparency, but only if we trust it. The unintended business consequences of government inaction If governments around the world do not seize this moment, and instead opt to let the invisible hand of the market do the heavy lifting, the fallout could ultimately do real damage to the innovation economy.
Encrypted Blockchain Databases
This post is presented in partnership with Monash Business School. In , when the world was in the midst of the Global Financial Crisis GFC , public trust in financial institutions hit a historic low. According to legend, it was because of this context that a mysterious coder by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto began work on a currency that would be decentralised, extremely secure, anonymous and digital; a cryptocurrency. One year later, the first fifty units of that cryptocurrency were created.
He had spent over 15 years at IBM, and been a part of several product development and technology initiatives at the software giant. Needless to say, R3 was able to get five banks and more, and Richard ended up joining. As the CTO, Richard, along with the team, designed Corda, an advanced enterprise blockchain platform. The company now has a consortium of close to banks, regulators, technology firms, professional service firms, and trade associations. The oldest of three children, Richard grew up in Liverpool , United Kingdom. His father was a social worker and his mother was a teacher, and the boy shared his interest in math and technology with his father. He says he had support from his uncle, an electrical engineer. In , to encourage Richard, his uncle built a device that could plug into the ZX spectrum; this device could help relay and control things. It was fun.
Is cryptocurrency the future of money?
One cannot open a newspaper or website today without encountering a story about bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. Advocates claim that cryptocurrencies represent a fundamental shift in the way we will use money in the future and that government-sponsored currencies such as the dollar and euro are intrinsically flawed. Critics see nothing but tulip bubbles and Ponzi schemes. Passionate cases are made on both sides of the argument. The truth, as is usually the case, lies somewhere in between.
Understanding Cryptocurrency: Everything You Need to Know But Were Afraid to Ask
Digital currencies might share some traits with cryptocurrencies , but the two aren't exactly that similar. The key advantages and disadvantages of both will depend on how either of them are applied. Given the increasing number of people falling victim to crypto scams , it's worth knowing how exactly a digital currency fits into this ongoing proliferation of digital money. Cryptocurrencies utilize blockchain technology and cryptography, generating digital assets that are typically used as a medium of exchange. Its decentralized nature makes it more transparent and independent of any central finance system, with most transactions being recorded on a digital ledger that the public can access. However, this type of digital money lacks regulation, making way for meme-inspired coins , which can lure investors without providing any precautionary measures.
Rock Out with Your Block Out: George Brown Launches a Blockchain Program
By Jacob Brown September 10, In the genesis block of Bitcoin, a message was left in the parameters by Satoshi Nakamoto, a pseudonym for the mysterious and unknown creator s of Bitcoin. This message reads:. Back then, cryptocurrency and blockchain were obscure terms known only in small cryptographic message boards and chatrooms. These early adopters understood the implications of building a decentralized network as a means of storing currency with the help of cryptography and a distributed network of nodes which vie with one another to process transactions. The idea behind the ideology is simple: Blockchain technology gives individuals the ability to create their own decentralized digital currencies — opening up the possibility for anyone to trade and store their finances without the need for banks, governments or intermediaries. The decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies embodies the spirit of a true free market, whose supply and trade cannot be regulated by any government nor any other authority.
Investors fear ‘crypto winter’ is coming
The entities will conduct the projects in fields such as manufacturing, energy, government and tax services, law, education, health, trade and finance, and cross border finance. Although China is promoting blockchain technology, it has banned bitcoin, which is based on the technology. Regulators in September cracked down on cryptocurrencies with a blanket ban on all crypto transactions and mining. The statement was jointly issued by 16 governmental bodies, including the ministry of education, ministry of industry and information technology, the central bank, the National Energy Administration and China Securities Regulatory Commission, according to the cyberspace administration statement.
A Content-Analysis Based Literature Review in Blockchain Adoption within Food Supply Chain
Altif Brown, a co-founder and head of community at Constellation Labs, can count on one hand the number of other African-Americans he knows working in the blockchain sector. He has yet to meet another gay person. I have met zero gay founders and only three black founders that I know of," said Brown in a recent interview with the Bay Area Reporter. He and three others, all straight men, launched Constellation in November last year and have since grown the company to 25 employees. It offers its own cryptocurrency called DAG, short for directed acyclic graph, and is building a new model for distributing the online currency.
The world's biggest and best-known cryptocurrency was trading 4. The cryptocurrency market shed its gains on Thursday to trade lower following rate hike signals by the Fed at its next meeting. The central bank would steadily remove support for the economy in order to fight high inflation. Barring the US dollar-pegged stable coins, all other major digital tokens were trading lower during the trade on Thursday. On the other hand, Ether, the coin linked to ethereum blockchain and the second-largest cryptocurrency, also plunged more than 3.
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Complex food production process and globalization make food supply chain more delicate.