Choice humanitarian project ethereum
Bytom is a blockchain based open-source value-exchange protocol. DeFi is growing in popularity. Short for decentralized finance, DeFi will recreate traditional financial instruments in a decentralized way. This allows the use of financial instruments such as loans and interest-bearing deposits without a bank issuer.
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- Project Ethereum Review: 2×8 matrix ether gifting
- Ethereum Site Warning – Project Ethereum
- UPDATE 6/4
- Signaling legal protection in a digitalizing world: a new era for the distinctive emblems?
- Humanitarian Cash Aid for the Digital Age
- Working Toward Financial Inclusion With Blockchain
- Announcing ICP 2021 selected projects
- Elective Classes and Option Studios
- Erasmus Mundus Joint Master's Degree Programme in International Humanitarian Action
- Crypto is 'the future of finance’: Why Gen Z is ditching traditional investments—but with caution
Project Ethereum Review: 2×8 matrix ether gifting
With more than 4, mineable coins and tokens in existence, which, if any, are the most sustainable cryptocurrencies? Are you a Dogecoin fan? This is because there are so many parameters at play. Many much smaller cryptocurrencies, for instance, naturally have a far lower energy footprint because they involve far fewer daily transactions compared to Bitcoin.
Scale them up, however, and they may be just as bad, if not worse than the cryptocurrency we currently love to hate. That said, some cryptocurrencies are inherently more energy efficient than Bitcoin.
This is primarily because these currencies use ASIC-resistant algorithms that consume significantly more energy than should be expected relative to how much of the cryptocurrency market they represent.
A good example of this is RavenCoin which, by one calculation , accounts for 4. Interestingly, Bitcoin uses an algorithm that does allow for mining ASIC-based devices, and these devices are considerably more energy efficient than conventional graphic processing units GPUs.
Market dynamics also play a big role in the energy consumption of cryptocurrencies. As the price of Ethereum has once again risen in , so too has the energy consumption associated with the cryptocurrency. As of March 31 st , , Digiconomist estimates Ethereum as using more than 31 TWh annually, an all-time high. So, which cryptocurrencies have a shot at being more sustainable than Bitcoin? Here are a few of the main contenders, in no particular order, presented with the caveat that this is absolutely not investment advice.
At the time of writing, I have no investments in or ties to these or any other cryptocurrencies. SolarCoin is global, decentralized, and independent of any government. You can spend and trade SolarCoin just like other cryptocurrencies, but the key difference is that the platform aims to incentivize real-world environmental activity: verifiably produced solar energy. SolarCoin has a novel approach to cryptocurrency, creating 1 Solarcoin for every Megawatt hour generated from solar technology.
Currently, this network mostly relies on users uploading documentation to prove energy generation, but the Internet of Things may one day streamline this process with automatic updates from solar arrays. Consider SolarCoin as a helpful way to more quickly offset the cost of installing a solar array!
POWR is required to participate in the Powerledger network and helps secure its various products, including energy trading, clean energy tracking, and verification. Doctor Jemma Green is the Executive Chairman and co-founder and leads a team that includes several other women.
The Powerledger platform facilitates peer-to-peer energy trading and is effectively an operating system that tracks the trading of energy, flexibility services, and environmental commodities.
More simply, renewable energy sources like wind and solar are somewhat uncertain, with variable output minute to minute, day to day. A centralized power grid is increasingly problematic when energy inputs and outputs are inconsistent. Powerledger offers a distributed, decentralized network that helps producers track, trace, and trade energy in real-time, making for more stable, resilient energy grids.
It functions mainly as a digital currency but can also be used for digital contracts, DApps, and other purposes. This helps save a staggering amount of energy, with the founder of Cardano claiming that the cryptocurrency network consumes only 6 GWh of power. Cardano is similar in some ways to Ethereum, but without a lot of the bloat associated with the latter token.
This enables Cardano to scale up to meet increased demands for the cryptocurrency, without compromising on speed or efficiency. The Stellar network was released in forking off from Ripple with the goal of bridging the gap between traditional financial institutions and digital currencies. Stellar is operated by the Stellar Development Foundation, a non-profit organization.
It got its start with funding from Stripe the payments startup , along with donations from BlackRock, Google, and FastForward. The network also allows individuals and institutions to create tokens for use on the network, which has inspired some to use the network for sustainability initiatives such as investing in renewable energy. The key distinguishing feature of the Stellar network is its consensus protocol. This SCP is open-source and relies on authentication of transactions occurring through a set of trustworthy nodes rather than running through the whole network as a proof-of-work or even proof-of-stake algorithm.
The cycle for authentication is thus much shorter and faster, keeping costs low and energy use to a minimum. The algorithm behind this is known as a federated byzantine agreement and is an energy-efficient alternative to the Bitcoin style traditional mining network. Nano is free, fast, and uses considerably less energy than Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies. It has been around since the end of and has a relatively small carbon footprint even now. Nano uses block lattice technology, which is energy efficient.
It is still reliant on a Proof of Work mechanism, but the block lattice goes beyond blockchain to create an account-chain for each user on the network. The Nano platform uses a system called Open Representative Voting ORV , where account holders vote for their chosen representative, who then work to securely confirm blocks of transactions.
On the Nano platform, user accounts can be updated asynchronously, rather than needing to involve an entire linear blockchain as is the case with Bitcoin and others. Instead of competition and delays, then, Nano involves just the sender and receiver account-chains and can handle as many as transactions per second. As a cryptocurrency, IOTA has not proven as volatile in terms of price as many other tokens.
While good news for those looking for more stability in the market and greater financial sustaianability, this has proven disappointing for those investors looking for the same pay-off as with early investments in Bitcoin, Ethereum, or other altcoins. In terms of energy sustainability, because IOTA uses Fast Probabilistic Consensus for consensus and only relies on Proof of Work in part, the overall energy consumption of the network is very small.
With the new updates set to make Atomic Transactions the norm for IOTA, this could reduce the transaction size from 1. To calculate the ECPT under the current algorithm though, Abbaszadeh Sori used three smartphones with different processors and versions of Android but no iPhones and sent an iota token 25 times with each device.
The measure of energy used included approval of the transaction, complete proof of work, preparing inputs and outputs, validating the receive address, synching the account, and final validation.
While the results were very clearly in favor of IOTA as a much more eco-friendly cryptocurrency, Abbaszadeh Sori himself acknowledges some limits to his study. And now we have an updated IOTA 1. That said, if we take the above figure for EPCT and multiply it by the transactions per second that the current IOTA system is said to be able to handle, this amounts to annual energy consumption for IOTA of:.
At the low end, this amounts to around the equivalent of 2, metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually. EOSIO is a public blockchain beloved by developers because it is simple to set up and write applications in several programming languages, is highly scalable, and costs nothing.
Based in Singapore, TRON is a non-profit organization and public blockchain supporting almost every programming language. The peer-to-peer platform allows creators to share applications directly on the blockchain, making the whole process more energy efficient. Tron lends itself to decentralized gaming and this latest project leverages interest in play-to-earn apps on the Tron network.
The original Burstcoin is now essentially void due to a hard fork following a significant price decline after the crypto was delisted from Poloniex in May Burstcoin was possibly the first blockchain to use Turing-complete smart contracts which allow for the creation of non-fungible tokens NFTs and use in on-chain games. Meaning that a computer with a 1 terabyte hard drive barely uses more energy to mine SIGNA than an idling computer. Miners can easily increase their effective storage capacity by committing a SIGNA balance stake in their account.
In October , Signum introduced Smart Tokens. The idea here is a blockchain where tokens exist outside of smart contracts. The network is driven by volunteers and in founded Signum- Network Alliance SNA , a not-for-profit organization to help Signum fulfill its vision of sustainability and innovation in blockchain technology. The crypto token price rose to nearly 53 times that of the ICO price in USD terms, as of December and the company gave its Elemental Chat platform a test run, with a public release expected shortly.
Again, this makes Holo different to other cryptocurrencies in that it is backed by a tangible asset cloud-hosting services. Holo charges a fee on transactions using the P2P network, meaning that revenue is tied directly to the number of apps and hosts on the network.
Holochain is an open-source framework for peer-to-peer applications and its token HoloTokens HOT requires no mining. Anyone who hosts hApps on their computer or device can receive HOT in return.
Holochain is immediate and efficient, does not rely on proof-of-work or proof-of-stake, but still enables scalable crypto-accounting. Each user provides a small amount of computing and storage, allowing P2P web applications to function, in theory, at a massive scale without need for centralized data centers or infrastructure.
This depends largely on how many users sign up, however. The cool thing about Holochain is that it can operate through a regular browser, without Holo Hosts needing to install any software. This makes it much more accessible to new, curious, and perhaps hesitant users.
Holochain provides a bridge from the decentralized, P2P developer world to existing payment systems. This makes it rather unique among cryptocurrency projects which typically aim to be entirely decentralized and rely fully on blockchain technology. In essence, Holo acts as a bridge between a fully decentralized network and traditional, familiar internet browsers, helping to expand the ecosystem and marketplace for DApps.
The Devvio platform does appear to have gained some attention for its work in the ESG Environmental, Social, Governance space, however. The DEVVIO system can be used to authenticate green certifications, enable markets for carbon credits, and facilitate financing for sustainability projects.
And it does this without creating inefficiencies and massive energy requirements as projects scale ever upward. Instead, individual nodes talk to each other, creating an energy efficient system. DEVVIO is a distributed accounting protocol based on sharding, layer 2 protocols, and an efficient consensus mechanism.
It can currently execute up to 8 million transactions per second TPS. Each shard represents a blockchain ledger and thousands of these shards can be added to eventually enable tens of millions of TPS. To create the necessary complexity for security, DEVVIO has transactions move between shards, but each wallet is only assigned one shard.
Payment happens on one shard as part of Tier 1 and settlement on another the Tier 2 network. In theory, Hedera Hashgraph could process more than , TPS, which would allow it to easily rival Visa and other mainstream payment systems. Thankfully, this cryptocurrency HBAR is a proof-of-stake token, meaning it uses far less energy than proof-of-work tokens like Bitcoin.
HBAR has a current supply of around 8 billion hbars and a fixed supply of 50 billion hbars. It is a decentralized public network used for in-app payments, micropayments, and transaction fees, as well as for network protection. Developers can use Hedera to build secure applications with near real-time consensus. Hedera Hashgraph consists of four main services, including HBAR, the cryptocurrency that allows for low-fee, highly customizable transactions.
The other services include smart contracts, file service, and consensus service. Hedera Hashgraph works through a system called asynchronous byzantine fault tolerance aBFT.
This allows for high-level security even if there are malicious actors on the network. It is faster than Bitcoin or Ethereum because transactions are processed in parallel, rather than having to go through the whole blockchain in a serial manner. Hedera Hashgraph plans for more upgrades to the network in the second half of , including introducing sharding.
Ethereum Site Warning – Project Ethereum
Switzerland is best known for its banks , watches, chocolate, education , and high living cost. Here is an extended list of the scholarships available for international students in Switzerland:. International students in Switzerland interested in scholarships can get them from the Swiss government, from Swiss Universities, or other organizations such as SEMS. The Swiss government scholarships are based on partnerships established with several countries and are offered through the Federal Commission for Scholarships for Foreign Students FCS. Most of these scholarships are granted to postgraduate candidates and researchers. If you want to check whether your home country is a partner, you can contact the Swiss Embassy or consulate in your home country. Each year, the Swiss Confederation awards Government Excellence Scholarships for international post-graduate researchers in any discipline.
Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration, hosted by The Linux Foundation, including leaders in finance, banking, IoT, supply chain, manufacturing and technology. Please visit the FAQ. Graduated Projects. Hyperledger Indy provides tools, libraries, and reusable components for providing digital identities rooted on blockchains or other distributed ledgers so that they are interoperable across administrative domains, applications, and any other silo. Indy is interoperable with other blockchains or can be used standalone powering the decentralization of identity. The following working groups fall under the purview of the Technical Steering Committee. The Hyperledger Architecture Work Group AWG is a technical workgroup focused on developing an architectural framework for Enterprise class distributed ledgers, towards convergence on a modular architecture.
Signaling legal protection in a digitalizing world: a new era for the distinctive emblems?
Metamask refund. I can send transactions and call contracts just fine. Make sure you select the direction you want. All rights reserved. First you confirm the withdraw in your Ronin wallet.
Humanitarian Cash Aid for the Digital Age
An Opinion paper by Felicia Wu and colleagues, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA PNAS in December , notes that 20 years after Golden Rice was first obtained by Ingo Potrykus and Peter Beyer, the tragedy we face is that this brilliant scientific success is opaqued by regulatory delays that have only led to a perpetuation of immense grief and huge losses in terms of preventable deaths, with no reported apparent benefits to consumers or the environment brought about by the overprecautionary stance of the authorities involved in the decision-making process. The urgency of getting Golden Rice approved has become more apparent, and even more urgent, with the ongoing pandemic, which has made access to healthcare services more difficult in vulnerable populations worldwide. The World Bank recommends that micronutrient biofortification of staple crops, including specifically Golden Rice, should be the norm and not the exception in crop breeding. Golden Rice can effectively control vitamin A deficiency VAD and its deadly consequences, especially for children. Delaying the uptake of a genetically modified product shown to have clear health benefits has and will cost numerous lives, frequently of the most vulnerable individuals. VAD has cost more lives than the current pandemic already!
Working Toward Financial Inclusion With Blockchain
The ten-week programme covers nine weeks of intensive research in a state-of-the art laboratory in Zurich or Basel. Working as part of a research team, you will have the opportunity to interact with leading scientists and doctoral students. In addition to conducting hands-on research, as an Amgen Scholar at ETH you will attend workshops and events offering both insights into state-of-the art research and the opportunity to learn cross-cutting skills such as communication, scientific writing and intercultural skills. Biology of the cell nucleus Prof. Karsten Weis. RNP assembly machineries Prof.
Announcing ICP 2021 selected projects
The Engineering Humanitarian Aid initiative, officially launched on 10 December , will harness the expertise of Switzerland's two federal institutes of technology to benefit humanitarian aid programs. The effort will focus on the areas of energy and the environment, data sciences and digital technologies, and personalized health and related technologies. Humanitarian aid organizations are now facing unprecedented challenges, which science and technology can help to overcome.
Elective Classes and Option StudiosRELATED VIDEO: Project Ethereum Official Corporate Video 07⁄06⁄2017 [Full HD 1080p]
Website design and development by GoodFolk. We evaluate and design policies surrounding the integration of immigrants and refugees worldwide. Follow Us. Empathy Helps Counter Hate Speech. Social media companies are keenly focused on ridding their platforms of hateful speech and harassment. But content moderation can only capture a small fraction of it, and automatic filters can risk censoring ordinary users.
Erasmus Mundus Joint Master's Degree Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Smart contracts have been well-received by researchers and practitioners for the unique features of automatic execution, transparency, and nontampering in a blockchain environment. However, little is known about the current development status of knowledge and practice regarding the application of smart contracts in various industries, especially from the procurement perspective. Thus, this paper aims to address the gap with a mixed method of bibliometric analysis and systematic literature review. Based on the evaluation of filtered publications, the review has analyzed the current development status of this research area with its distributions in years and journals, cooperation networks between authors, institutions, and countries, keywords cooccurrence network, and classifications of the application of smart contracts. The results show the application of smart contracts has attracted global attention since with the Ethereum and Hyperledger fabric as the main platforms in various industries, especially in information communication technology ICT , public management, supply chain, energy, finance, and healthcare. Various functions and benefits of smart contracts, as well as their potential advantages, have been identified and articulated from the procurement perspective. A research framework has also been developed to highlight future procurement needs in business operations across the industries via an integrated procurement approach of smart contracts.
Crypto is 'the future of finance’: Why Gen Z is ditching traditional investments—but with caution
This includes digital coins and blockchains , like bitcoin and ethereum; meme coins , like dogecoin ; NFTs , or nonfungible tokens; and DeFi , or decentralized finance. More than a third of millennial millionaires have at least half their wealth in crypto and about half own NFTs. Young investors have also taken part in recent meme stock rallies, which occur when retail investors buy up shares of stocks shorted by Wall Street hedge funds, like GameStop and AMC Entertainment.