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The global cryptocurrency market size was USD The global impact of COVID has been unprecedented and staggering, with cryptocurrencies witnessing a positive demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a significant growth of The market is projected to grow from USD



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Bitcoin scams: How to spot and avoid the 5 worst cryptocurrency frauds


One of the most promising applications of emerging blockchain technology is supply chain management. Blockchain—the digital record-keeping system developed for cryptocurrency networks—can help supply chain partners with some of their challenges by creating a complete, transparent, tamperproof history of the information flows, inventory flows, and financial flows in transactions. The authors studied seven large U. Their early initiatives show that the technology can enable faster and more cost-efficient product delivery, make products more traceable, streamline the financing process, and enhance coordination among buyers, suppliers, and banks.

There are special requirements for using blockchain in supply chain management: restricting participation to known, trusted partners; adopting a new consensus protocol; and taking steps to keep errors and counterfeits out of the supply chain. But if implemented thoughtfully, the authors suggest, blockchain could pay big dividends for companies in a host of industries. Current approaches to recording the flows of information, inventory, and money in supply chain transactions leave a lot to be desired.

There are blind spots, causing problems for the purchasers, suppliers, and banks involved. Blockchain technology may help. Early explorations by seven major corporations show that blockchain record keeping can make product delivery faster and more cost-efficient, increase traceability, enhance coordination among partners, and streamline the financing process.

Successful use of blockchain in supply chain management requires a trusted group of permissioned participants, a new consensus protocol, and protections to prevent the introduction of contaminated or counterfeit products.

Blockchain, the digital record-keeping technology behind Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency networks, is a potential game changer in the financial world. But another area where it holds great promise is supply chain management. To better understand this opportunity, we studied seven major U. These companies—Corning, Emerson, Hayward, IBM, Mastercard, and two others that wish to remain anonymous—operate in varied industries: manufacturing, retailing, technology, and financial services.

Some of them are just beginning to explore blockchain, a few are conducting pilots, and others have moved even further and are working with supply chain partners to develop applications.

A blockchain is a distributed, or decentralized, ledger—a digital system for recording transactions among multiple parties in a verifiable, tamperproof way. The ledger itself can also be programmed to trigger transactions automatically.

For cryptocurrency networks that are designed to replace fiat currencies, the main function of blockchain is to enable an unlimited number of anonymous parties to transact privately and securely with one another without a central intermediary.

For supply chains, it is to allow a limited number of known parties to protect their business operations against malicious actors while supporting better performance. Successful blockchain applications for supply chains will require new permissioned blockchains, new standards for representing transactions on a block, and new rules to govern the system—which are all in various stages of being developed.

However, visibility remains a challenge in large supply chains involving complex transactions. To illustrate the limitations of the current world of financial-ledger entries and ERP systems, along with the potential benefits of a world of blockchain, let us describe a hypothetical scenario: a simple transaction involving a retailer that sources a product from a supplier, and a bank that provides the working capital the supplier needs to fill the order.

The transaction involves information flows, inventory flows, and financial flows. Note that a given flow does not result in financial-ledger entries at all three parties involved. A blockchain system eliminates the blind spots. Execution errors—such as mistakes in inventory data, missing shipments, and duplicate payments—are often impossible to detect in real time. Even when a problem is discovered after the fact, it is difficult and expensive to pinpoint its source or fix it by tracing the sequence of activities recorded in available ledger entries and documents.

Although ERP systems capture all types of flows, it can be tough to assess which journal entries accounts receivable, payments, credits for returns, and so on correspond to which inventory transaction. This is especially true for companies engaged in thousands of transactions each day across a large network of supply chain partners and products.

Making matters worse, supply chain activities are often extremely complicated—far more so than the exhibit depicts. For example, orders, shipments, and payments may not sync up neatly, because an order may be split into several shipments and corresponding invoices, or multiple orders may be combined into a single shipment.

One common approach to improving supply chain execution is to verify transactions through audits. Consider the problem a food company faces when its products reach the end of their shelf life in a retail store. Those can include glitches in any part of the supply chain, such as inefficient inventory management upstream, suboptimal allocation of products to stores, weak or sporadic demand, and inadequate shelf rotation failure to put older products in front of newer ones.

A record of all those activities can help reduce expirations. This would eliminate execution errors and improve traceability. However, the experiences of the companies we studied showed that integrating ERP systems is expensive and time-consuming.

Large organizations may have more than legacy ERP systems—a result of organizational changes, mergers, and acquisitions over time. Those systems often do not easily communicate with one another and may even differ in how they define data fields. One large company told us it had 17 ledgers in separate ERP systems associated with a single activity—trucking—and its suppliers and distributors had their own ledgers and ERP systems. When blockchain record keeping is used, assets such as units of inventory, orders, loans, and bills of lading are given unique identifiers, which serve as digital tokens similar to bitcoins.

Additionally, participants in the blockchain are given unique identifiers, or digital signatures, which they use to sign the blocks they add to the blockchain. Every step of the transaction is then recorded on the blockchain as a transfer of the corresponding token from one participant to another.

Consider how the transaction in our example looks when represented on a shared blockchain refer again to the exhibit. First, the retailer generates an order and sends it to the supplier.

At this point, since no exchange of goods or services has taken place, there would be no entries in a financial ledger. However, with blockchain, the retailer records the digital token for the order.

The supplier then logs in the order and confirms to the retailer that the order has been received—an action that again gets recorded on the blockchain but would not generate an entry in a financial ledger.

Next the supplier requests a working-capital loan from the bank to finance the production of the goods. And so on. Moreover, each block is encrypted and distributed to all participants, who maintain their own copies of the blockchain. Thanks to these features, the blockchain provides a complete, trustworthy, and tamperproof audit trail of the three categories of activities in the supply chain.

Since participants have their own individual copies of the blockchain, each party can review the status of a transaction, identify errors, and hold counterparties responsible for their actions.

No participant can overwrite past data because doing so would entail having to rewrite all subsequent blocks on all shared copies of the blockchain. The bank in our example can also use the blockchain to improve supply chain financing. It can make better lending decisions because by viewing the blockchain, it can verify the transactions between the supplier and the retailer without having to conduct physical audits and financial reviews, which are tedious and error-prone processes.

And including lending records in the blockchain, along with data about invoicing, payments, and the physical movement of goods, can make transactions more cost-effective, easier to audit, and less risky for all participants. Furthermore, many of these functions can be automated through smart contracts, in which lines of computer code use data from the blockchain to verify when contractual obligations have been met and payments can be issued.

Smart contracts can be programmed to assess the status of a transaction and automatically take actions such as releasing a payment, recording ledger entries, and flagging exceptions in need of manual intervention. Indeed, the encrypted linked list or chainlike data structure of a blockchain is not suited for fast storage and retrieval—or even efficient storage. Instead, the blockchain would interface with legacy systems across participating firms.

Each firm would generate blocks of transactions from its internal ERP system and add them to the blockchain. This would make it easy to integrate various flows of transactions across firms. The U. Drug Supply Chain Security Act of requires pharmaceutical companies to identify and trace prescription drugs to protect consumers from counterfeit, stolen, or harmful products.

Driven by that mandate, a large pharmaceutical company in our study is collaborating with its supply chain partners to use blockchain for this purpose. Drug inventory is tagged with electronic product codes that adhere to GS1 standards. As each unit of inventory flows from one firm to another, its tag is scanned and recorded on the blockchain, creating a history of each item all the way through the supply chain—from its source to the end consumer.

Some early success in piloting this approach in the United States has led the company to conduct more pilots in other locations and to move toward broad implementation in Europe. Meanwhile, IBM is working on a similar effort to create a safer food supply chain. It has founded the IBM Food Trust and entered into a partnership with Walmart to use blockchain for tracing fresh produce and other food products. These kinds of applications require minimal sharing of information: Purchase orders, invoices, and payments do not need to be included on the same blockchain.

As a result, companies that are wary of sharing competitive data are more willing to participate on the platform. The benefits are clear. If a company discovers a faulty product, the blockchain enables the firm and its supply chain partners to trace the product, identify all suppliers involved with it, identify production and shipment batches associated with it, and efficiently recall it.

If a product is perishable as fresh produce and certain drugs are , the blockchain lets participating companies monitor quality automatically: A refrigerated container equipped with an internet of things IoT device to monitor the temperature can record any unsafe fluctuations on the blockchain. And if there are concerns about the authenticity of a product that a retailer returns, the blockchain can allay them, because counterfeit goods would lack a verification history on the blockchain.

Companies across industries are therefore exploring this application of blockchain—motivated either by regulations requiring them to demonstrate the provenance of their products or by downstream customers seeking the capability to trace component inventory.

Emerson, a multinational manufacturing and engineering company, has a complex supply chain. It involves thousands of components across many suppliers, customers, and locations. Michael Train, the president of Emerson, told us that such supply chains often have to contend with long, unpredictable lead times and lack of visibility. As a result, a small delay or disruption in any part of the supply chain can lead to excess inventory and stock-outs in other parts.

He believes that blockchain could help overcome these challenges. If the manufacture of product B is held up because of a disruption in the production of component C3, the optimal move is to temporarily allocate inventory of C1 to product A until the disruption is resolved.

One solution is for the companies in question to agree to centralize their data on production and inventory-allocation decisions in a common repository. But imagine the level of integration that would entail: All involved companies would have to trust the others with their data and accept centralized decisions, regardless of whether they are partners or competitors.

A more practical solution is for participating companies to share their inventory flows on a blockchain and allow each company to make its own decisions, using common, complete information. Companies would utilize a kanban system to place orders with one another and manage production.

Kanban cards would be assigned to the produced items, and the blockchain would record digital tokens representing the kanban cards. This would enhance the visibility of inventory flows across companies and make lead times more predictable. Emerson is not the only company that thinks blockchain could increase the efficiency and speed of its supply chain. So does Hayward, a multinational manufacturer of swimming pool equipment. Disclosure: Vishal has done a small amount of consulting for Hayward.

If you do, he says, machine time and inventory at various stages can be reliably assigned to customer orders. Blockchain makes this possible by solving the double-spend problem—the erroneous allocation of the same unit of capacity or inventory to two different orders. Walmart Canada has already begun using blockchain with the trucking companies that transport its inventory.

Part of the appeal of using blockchain to enhance supply chain efficiency and speed is that these applications, much like those for improving traceability, require participating companies to share only limited data—in this case, just inventory or shipment data. Moreover, these applications are useful even within large organizations with multiple ERP systems.



Seven rules of cryptocurrency trading for new investors

Sebastian, who lives in Cologne, Germany, later told BBC that while he had some apprehensions, the website he was directed to looked legitimate, and the potential returns were too good to turn down. Stories like this are all too common. But compared to the same period a year prior, there were 12 times the number of reports and a nearly 1, percent increase in reported losses. Qin now faces up to 20 years in prison. Clearly, this problem is only getting worse, especially as Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies continue to rise in value once more. Thanks to the anonymity of the internet, scammers blend into the crypto scene with claims that can seem plausible.

of consensus group shares – though Bitcoin has analo- ance (BFT) principles, and collective signing techniques. Bitcoin and.

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How Zoho and Freshworks got their SaaS sizzling with different recipes. Brace for high interest rates soon. Where can you look for returns in such times? Think short-term. From Hyderabad to Camerabad: how Telangana became the ground zero of facial recognition in India. Choose your reason below and click on the Report button. This will alert our moderators to take action. Stock analysis.


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bitcoin group share techniques

We believe that cryptocurrencies have evolved into a viable investment asset. Short-term factors suggest further deepening of the market. We believe long-term supply and demand trends support further industry growth, the potential for further compression in price volatility, and a possible role as portfolio diversifiers. Several crucial events in drew increased mainstream usage in transactions and accelerated the maturation of cryptocurrency markets.

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Binance P2P: Tips to Protect your Bitcoins and Avoid Scams

Crypto arbitrage is a type of trading strategy where investors capitalize on slight price discrepancies of a digital asset across multiple markets or exchanges. In its simplest form, crypto arbitrage trading is the process of buying a digital asset on one exchange and selling it just about simultaneously on another where the price is higher. Doing so means making profits through a process that involves little or no risks. Arbitrage has been a mainstay of traditional financial markets long before the emergence of the crypto market. And yet, there seems to be more hype surrounding the potential of arbitrage opportunities in the crypto scene. This is most likely because the crypto market is renowned for being highly volatile compared to other financial markets.


Building a Transparent Supply Chain

Stock with good financial performance alongside good to expensive valuation. Strong Performer Stock with good financial performance alongside good to expensive valuation. Note : Support and Resistance level for the day, calculated based on price range of the previous trading day. Note : Support and Resistance level for the week, calculated based on price range of the previous trading week. Note : Support and Resistance level for the month, calculated based on price range of the previous trading month. What will Microsoft's Activision buy mean for the Indian gaming market? Jan 20 AM.

A crypto asset is a digital representation of value that is not issued and applies cryptography techniques in the underlying technology.

Risk Analysis of Crypto Assets

Tim Mak. A community of young investors on TikTok, including ceowatchlist, quicktrades and irisapp, are using House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's stock trading disclosures as inspiration for where to invest themselves. One user called Pelosi the market's "biggest whale," while another called her the "queen of investing. Young investors have a new strategy: watching financial disclosures of sitting members of Congress for stock tips.


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Cryptocurrency Market

Human behavior as they engaged in financial activities is intimately connected to the observed market dynamics. Despite many existing theories and studies on the fundamental motivations of the behavior of humans in financial systems, there is still limited empirical deduction of the behavioral compositions of the financial agents from a detailed market analysis. Blockchain technology has provided an avenue for the latter investigation with its voluminous data and its transparency of financial transactions. It has enabled us to perform empirical inference on the behavioral patterns of users in the market, which we explore in the bitcoin and ethereum cryptocurrency markets. In our study, we first determine various properties of the bitcoin and ethereum users by a temporal complex network analysis. After which, we develop methodology by combining k -means clustering and Support Vector Machines to derive behavioral types of users in the two cryptocurrency markets. Interestingly, we found four distinct strategies that are common in both markets: optimists, pessimists, positive traders and negative traders.

This comprehensive overview of analysis techniques for illicit Bitcoin transactions addresses both technical, machine learning approaches as well as a non-technical, legal, and governance considerations. We focus on the field of ransomware countermeasures to illustrate our points. This paper examines the current literature on the analysis of illicit Bitcoin transactions and focuses specifically on the analytic techniques that are applied to blockchain data. These illicit Bitcoin transactions could take the form of money laundering, terrorism financing or the movement of proceeds from other crimes such as ransomware attacks.


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