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RIP magstripes: Mastercard set to “swipe left” and ditch the iconic card technology
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Most hospitals issue doctors with plastic swipe cards that function as electronic keys to access clinical areas. The card is handled many times a day, often before direct patient contact. The aim of this study was to determine if swipe cards harbour potentially harmful bacteria. On a single day, doctors working in the surgical directorate completed a questionnaire to determine their pattern of swipe card use.
Cards were inoculated onto agar plates and incubated for 48 h under standard laboratory conditions, following which the number of colony forming units CFUs cultured from each card was determined. Representative colonies were sampled and sub-cultured for staphlococcal, enterococcal, coliform and pseudomonad species.
Isolated bacterial pathogens were tested for antimicrobial sensitivity. Swipe-card scanners were swabbed for microbiological culture on the same day. All cards were colonised with environmental bacteria mean, 73 CFU. The pattern of card use did not significantly affect the amount of bacterial contamination, but infrequent use of the card and keeping the card in a pocket or wallet was associated with higher levels of contamination.
Doctors' swipe cards are contaminated with, and may therefore be a reservoir for, pathogenic bacteria implicated in hospital-acquired infection. To reduce the incidence of hospital-acquired infection, it is necessary to identify and control the source of infection.
It has been established that the hands of healthcare workers can act as vectors for transmission of infection and that hand washing before patient contact reduces the incidence of hospital-acquired infection.
A number of objects that do not usually come into direct contact with patients have also been shown to harbour potentially harmful bacteria. Many of these objects are regularly handled prior to patient contact including case notes, 8 pens 9 and hospital pagers 10 and can act as an intermediate vector for pathogens.
Due to the increased need for security in hospitals, many institutions issue healthcare workers with plastic swipe cards. These act as a security badge and electronic key to secure clinical areas, such as operating theatres, intensive care units, obstetric and paediatric wards.
Repeated use of cards and scanners by differing healthcare workers could, therefore, create an opportunity for dissemination of infection into clinical areas caring for vulnerable patients. The aim of this study was to determine if plastic swipe cards and wall-mounted scanners harbour bacteria and act as reservoirs for dissemination of infection. In addition, methods of cleaning swipe cards and scanners were examined. On a single afternoon, and without prior knowledge, all 45 doctors working in the departments of general, orthopaedic and urological surgery at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, King's Lynn, were invited to take part in the study.
Thirty-nine consented. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire Appendix 1 to determine where they kept their swipe card whilst at work, how frequently they used it and which clinical areas they had accessed using their card in the previous 24 h.
In addition, information regarding frequency and method of cleaning cards was recorded. The front and back of each participant's swipe card was then inoculated onto a Tryptone Soya Agar contact plate under sterile conditions. Using sterile gloves, each scanner had a sterile card drawn through it three times following which the front and back of the card was inoculated onto a Tryptone Soya Agar plate as described above. Three methods of cleaning swipe cards were assessed: i scrubbing with soap and water for 30 s; ii scrubbing with hibiscrub for 30 s; and iii cleaning with an alcohol-soaked swab for 15 s.
Each card was inoculated onto a Tryptone Soya Agar plate as previously described. Practicality determined that a single method be assessed for cleaning scanners. Scanners were cleaned using an alcohol-soaked swab drawn through the scanner repeatedly for 15 s. A sterile card was then drawn through the scanner three times and inoculated onto Tryptone Soya Agar as described above.
Following incubation, the number of colony forming units CFUs on each plate were counted. Representative colonies were sampled and subcultured for detection of staphylococcal species including Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant strains MRSA , Enterococcus spp. All isolated bacterial pathogens were tested for sensitivity using standard antimicrobial disc sets.
Fifteen Only 7 All the swipe cards tested were colonised with bacteria. Thirty-one The mean number of CFUs cultured from cards was There was an apparent, but non-significant, increase in the number of CFUs cultured from cards used occasionally, compared to those used frequently CFUs versus 52 CFUs.
Eight cards All cards that were contaminated with potentially pathogenic bacteria belonged to consultant or middle-grade surgeons. There was no correlation between colonisation with pathogenic bacteria and any of the other recorded parameters, including how the card was carried, frequency of use, areas of use and cleaning practice Table 1. Mean number of colony forming units CFUs and number of potentially pathogenic bacteria cultured from swipe cards of doctors according to their grade, speciality and pattern of use of the swipe card.
All the bacteria cultured were environmental pathogens. There was wide variation in the number of CFUs cultured from different scanners, the highest counts being obtained from scanners adjacent to main operating theatres, the day-surgery unit and the administration block Fig. The number of colony forming units CFUs cultured from a sterile swipe card after being drawn through card scanners around the hospital.
All bacterial colonies were environmental bacteria. No bacteria were cultured from swipe cards following a s wash with hibiscrub or a s clean with an alcohol-soaked swab. However, 31 CFUs were cultured from cards cleaned by washing in soap and water for 30 s. No bacteria were cultured from scanners following cleaning with alcohol swabs.
Bacterial contamination of swipe cards and scanners appears almost universal in this study. The majority of cards and scanners were contaminated by environmental bacteria with low pathogenic potential.
Furthermore, large numbers of bacteria were transferred from card to scanner, and scanner to card during experimental use. There is increasing evidence that objects regularly handled by healthcare workers have a significant degree of contamination.
A number of studies have investigated the ability of different bacteria to persist on inanimate surfaces. A recent systematic review concluded that many bacteria implicated in hospital-acquired infection can persist for months on a dry surface. There is also an on-going debate on prolonged persistence of bacterial contamination on plastic surfaces.
The findings of our study concur with these reports. The fact that all contaminated cards were carried by consultants and middle-grade surgeons suggests that duration of use of a card may be of relevance.
The junior doctors involved in this studied had carried their cards for no longer than 4 months whereas the senior doctors, whose cards were all contaminated, had possessed and used their cards for periods ranging from 9 months to 3 years. Previous cleaning of swipe cards by owners resulted in a notable, but non-significant, reduction in the number of CFUs isolated, but only a small number of doctors had cleaned their cards, making valid conclusions difficult.
However, cleaning cards and scanners with alcohol in a controlled fashion effectively removed all bacteria. These findings have implications for infection control and prevention of hospital-acquired infection. Swipe cards are used to control access to secure clinical areas in most hospitals.
While swipe cards do not come into direct contact with patients, they can act as a reservoir of infection and, thereby, as an intermediate vector. Cards are handled by staff during use and bacteria residing on hands, cards and scanners can be transferred. To reduce the potential for transfer of bacteria to patients, regular cleaning of cards and scanners with alcohol-soaked swabs would be a simple and cost-effective option.
This does not, of course, remove the established need for regular hand-washing before and after patient contact. Security swipe cards and scanners are contaminated with, and may therefore act as a reservoir for, pathogenic bacteria implicated in hospital-acquired infection. Wearing a card on a necklace or belt results in less contamination. Regular cleaning of cards and scanners with alcohol removes all bacteria and would be a simple method of removing this potential source of hospital-acquired infection.
The authors would like to thank Prof. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Keywords: Hospital-acquired infection, Security swipe cards, Security scanners.
Subjects and Methods On a single afternoon, and without prior knowledge, all 45 doctors working in the departments of general, orthopaedic and urological surgery at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, King's Lynn, were invited to take part in the study. Table 1 Mean number of colony forming units CFUs and number of potentially pathogenic bacteria cultured from swipe cards of doctors according to their grade, speciality and pattern of use of the swipe card.
Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Card and scanner cleaning No bacteria were cultured from swipe cards following a s wash with hibiscrub or a s clean with an alcohol-soaked swab.
Discussion Bacterial contamination of swipe cards and scanners appears almost universal in this study. Conclusions Security swipe cards and scanners are contaminated with, and may therefore act as a reservoir for, pathogenic bacteria implicated in hospital-acquired infection. References 1. The efficacy of infection surveillance and control programs in preventing nosocomial infections in US hospitals. Am J Epidemiol. The impact of surgical-site infections in the s: attributable mortality, excess length of hospitilization, and extra costs.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. Nosocomial bloodstream infection in critically ill patients; excess length of stay, extra costs, and attributable mortality. Hospital acquired, laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection: increased hospital stay and direct costs. Larson EL. APIC guidelines for handwashing and hand antisepsis in the healthcare setting. Am J Infect Control. Bacterial contamination of the fabric of stethoscope covers: The velveteen rabbit of health care?
Scissors: a potential source of nosocomial infection.
Magnetic Swipe Cards
How many times have you found yourself at the check-out counter wanting to pay for your purchases with your debit card and not being sure if the system wants you to swipe your card or insert your chip? Knowing the differences between the two can help make your purchasing process easier. First and foremost, the goal of the chip is to keep your card safe. Plus, most merchants offer chip card readers now. That is why we recommend opting to use the chip feature on your card. The main difference between the two is the level of security each provides.
Beautiful swipe card
When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures. Log in. Sign up. Beautiful swipe card. Similar ideas popular now. Base Mobile. Mobile Ui. Swipe Card. Screen Design.
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I created a card with swiper , that lets you flick through multiple cards. You can use almost? Place swipe-card. This is really cool, nice one! You could also go all out with coverflow.
Keycards for Access Control Systems
What is a Card Swipe Machine? A card swipe machine is a device that allows customers to swipe the magnetic stripe of a credit card through a slot and, at times, to enter a personal identification number PIN for verification. These devices are commonly found at the point-of-sale POS of a retail store to process credit and debit card transactions. Sanminder Kaur. A card swipe machine is a device that reads the magnetic stripe on a card and takes the information from it. The most common card swipe machine is a credit card reader that is used with a cash register.
Max file size: 25 MB Permitted file types: jpg jpeg jpe png gif pdf. Product total. Options total. Grand total. As a result, these cards will hold the data for up to ten years. The high coercivity mag stripe cards are ideal for continuous use businesses like restaurants and bars. HiCo mag stripe cards store information more securely than LoCo Cards.
Keycards have many different names. Despite their different names and the fact that the technology used varies, their function is always the same: To efficiently and securely grant or restrict access to a certain area. As the fastest-growing access control company in the U. Historically, the main provider of keycards is HID Global —it manufactures, distributes and sells access cards using their proximity readers.
Swipe Card User GuideRELATED VIDEO: gift card method - how to start scamming in 2022
The Office of Facilities Management and Services is responsible for structure, security and coordination matters concerning keys and swipe cards. The administrative work is carried out by different actors at Linnaeus University. Keys to the university are ordered via the security coordinator at the Office of Facilities Management and Services. Your nearest manager fills out the order form only in Swedish or sends an email to sakerhet lnu. You find their contact information at the bottom of this page. Get your swipe card Your swipe card has a number of areas of use.
Meal Plan Swipe Cards
Admin cards provide added security to your system. It prevents employees from being able to "see" a manager's PIN as it is entered into the Point of Sale, since no PIN is required for managers with a swipe card. The swipe card should remain on the manager, secured at all times. Admin cards must first be set up by Revel Support. Once activated, follow the steps below to complete the setup.
Classroom Swipe-Card Access
Single-multiple day, range select and time span. Cards component for rendering any type of content: photos, text, video and forms in a consistent way. Use it for organizing content and provide entry points with optional actions. As part of Gesture enabled listview it can be picked up with the Framework and Complete licenses or with the component license.