Libra currency strength

The idea was to offer an alternative to national currencies in cross-border transactions, and to provide a payment network for billions of unbanked people. A strictly digital token, the Libra was to be issued by an association in Switzerland and backed by a basket of national currencies, implying that its creators sought independence from sovereign powers. But Facebook soon lowered its sights. Libra has since been renamed Diem, and the issuing entity has moved from Switzerland to the United States, where it has formed a partnership with Silvergate Bank to issue a token that complies with US banking regulations.



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WATCH RELATED VIDEO: why I STOPPED USING THE CURRENCY strength meter - DO this instead

Facebook Libra: 3 Things to Bear in Mind


Central bank digital currency is turning into a pre-occupation of central banks and much of the fintech world. Hundreds of pages of analysis have been produced in the last eighteen months.

However, the concept dates back almost three decades and has so far had little impact on the world. So, what are the essential questions about CBDC that need to be answered? Money exists in many forms. Two of the most important, banknotes and central bank reserves are created with a few exceptions in the case of banknotes such as Scotland and Hong Kong by central banks.

Though banknotes are physical and central bank reserves the balances commercial banks deposit at central banks are digital, they are economically equivalent. Central Bank Digital Currency CBDC is intended as another form of central bank money, digital like reserves but available to as wide a range of users as physical cash, for both retail and wholesale users. However, potential wholesale users typically have reserve accounts and access to market infrastructure that allows settlement using reserves.

Over the last eighteen months there has been an outpouring of papers about CDBC from major central banks , multinational organisations and consultancies. Not to mention a great deal of discussion in conventional and social media. Central banks started looking into CBDC with more urgency. There might be a gap in the market, for low-cost international settlement — and Facebook said Libra could fill that need.

But Libra would run at a large enough scale to risk financial stability. I also hope we can talk about the risks of not innovating. China is moving quickly to launch similar ideas in the coming months.

Replacing physical cash is increasingly unnecessary in most developed countries. Going further and fully eliminating cash to control the black economy requires imposing an outright ban on all forms of physical cash including foreign currencies. Increasing financial inclusion, airdrops and negative interest rates, also do not require a CBDC.

There are alternatives such as giving all unbanked residents access to free basic bank accounts. The fundamental enablers of both low-cost bank accounts and CBDC are the same: A robust method of electronic identity, a method of storing account balances and some form of payments infrastructure. Sometimes the problems may not be worth solving. Creating CBDC to make it easier to support blockchain based systems makes very strong assumptions about the intrinsic benefits of blockchain.

CBDC is not new. There have been multiple attempts at introducing CBDC. Avant was aimed at small scale retail payments and operated as a pre-paid stored value card. After only three years it was transferred to private ownership and technically stopped being CBDC.

Unfortunately, it was born with a trust problem. Currency depreciations and financial crises had lead Ecuador to replace its currency with the US dollar in The trust never materialised and the system was shut down in The lessons to be learned from Bakong are likely to be very specific for Cambodia because one of the key objectives of the project was to encourage greater use of the local currency as opposed to the US dollar. Bakong used a form of blockchain called Hyperledger Iroha.

The sole role of blockchain in Bakong according to the white paper is to record processed transactions on a centralised permissioned ledger. A role that could be performed by many other technologies. Blockchain and cryptocurrency enthusiasts are quick to make the link between CBDCs and cryptocurrencies. Central bank proofs of concept demonstrated that elements of blockchain type technology could be included in the implementation of CBDC but did not demonstrate why blockchain was needed.

The potential for interoperable CBDCs to be used for international payments further undermines the claims that cryptocurrencies can be a tool for cheaper international payments. Claims that are already very weak. CDBCs potentially create a number of problems. A fundamental risk is of accelerated bank runs.

Another major concern is privacy. CBDC makes it easier for governments to view transactions. However, most governments can already access records of financial transactions. Though in countries with rule of law a court order is usually required. The real threat to the privacy of using physical cash comes if introducing CBDC is combined with bans on physical cash.

This misses some fundamental points. The Dollar ultimately superseded Sterling because the US economy was considerably larger and more powerful than the Sterling bloc of nations. The other factor of course is the convertibility of the Yuan, a matter of economic policy rather than a technology. The other big question is whether CBDC will disintermediate commercial banks.

Fundamentally this is another policy issue that is not related to technology. CBDC does not push the direction of this debate in any particular direction. Neither is the desire to innovative for the sake of innovation.

CBDCs have either failed or are in the very early days of adoption. A sensible approach determining whether to adopt is to consider the problems that need to be solved which are often country specific and the wider range of successful technologies available in the payments area that could achieve the same ends.

Martin C. Walker is director of banking and finance at the Center for Evidence-Based Management. He has published two books and several papers on banking technology.

He received his master's degree in computing science from Imperial College, London, and his bachelor's degree in economics from LSE. They were launched respectively in and and are Cambodian riel KHR and US dollar account-based systems that do not interoperate with the twenty or so PSPs that serve mainly the unbanked. Some bias can be traditionally seen in the great and established institutions that try to analyze and explain what happens in the contemporary political and financial world including here the academic factors and their alumni, too, despite of their exquisite backgrounds.

Therefore what fears and what try to avoid these otherwise great actors? Simply put, the inevitable and the inescapable character of the future. I remind you that old day banks dismissed the idea of the weak and maybe unsecured internet in regard to the serious stuff that was considered to be the banking transactions!

Everything was either SWIFT or nothing to be swift or not to be at all … Surprise, surprise, all banks now offer their customers Android or iPhone apps to conduct their financial business.

Are you kidding me? If general internet is so weak and unsecure, why do you use it nowadays, dear banks? The answer is simple Adapt, or die! Fact is that the Bitcoin creation just gave people more choices — it is not a replacement for the traditional banking system. Not for the government monopoly of saying Stop, you owe me taxes because I need to survive!

But you forgot that those kids will grow adults and will destroy any power system that would try to deny them the right of enjoying that ananas ice-cream. That is called Elections, mr Walter, and this is the very own core of the democracy. People have a constitutional right to elect and be elected, because they live in a free world where no traditional kings or queens are considered eternal or entitled to rule them, sorry!

So, yes, if the people of the near future will deem fit to their life to create a CBDC using their Central Banks, so be it! Progress is good, no matter how risky and threatening for the old establishment might seem sometimes! Remember, blockchain is diversity not a threat! Is giving the clients a new option to decide for their financial life. Customers are not the possessions of the banks or the government to decide for them!

By the contrary, banks and banks must be the humble servants of the citizens that pay them! Actually, everything is political. Everything is connected to the money, be it dollars, bitcoin or tethers…. What is the main factor for the blockchain exchanges to get rich is this simple wealth creating factor — one single fee for all passengers.

It is like an airplane travel where each passenger pay Euros to go London San Francisco while the pilot pays for the kerosene with just the same Euros received from a single passenger, even if his plane can carry Is that single fee much fair than what do the banks to their clients? You bet it is. You got the point? Sending money by banks is just sending a telegram, so why cost more just because I put more Zero-es in my message? Because they are a monopoly which is not ethical not very legal, as we know.

Bitcoin breaks this monopoly. Do you know that Alibaba is almost going to be split because they tend to abuse their power? Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Search for:. Walker December 15th, Central bank digital currency — nine key questions answered 7 comments 44 shares Estimated reading time: 5 minutes. What is it?

Why the sudden interest? Figure 1. What problems does it solve?



British Pound

The official launch of the Libra project in , and the subsequent troubles experienced by the project, stimulated a vigorous debate, from different perspectives, on the pros and cons of a private currency with global ambitions. In the light of the distinguishing features and risks of such an ambitious project, the paper also aims to assess the potential impact on a crucial issue of the present international monetary system: the power to create money. Oktober Ivan Pupolizio.

To this aim, we first find the optimal weights of the currencies that value during turbolent times better than a Libra (single currency.

Cryptocurrencies

European Issues and Interviews. European Issues. Last May, Facebook officially announced its intention to launch Libra, an institutional crypto currency aimed at facilitating payments on the marketplaces of a certain number of websites affiliated with Facebook and its partners. The list of the Libra Association members, involved with the launch of the crypto currency, is impressive and demonstrates how serious this project is. It includes technology groups, notably marketplace websites such as Facebook, Booking, eBay, Uber, Spotify, etc. Will Libra be the first success of the libertarian ideology which backed the crypto-currency launch, and which ambitioned to create an alternative to State currencies? Will the institutional frame of this crypto currency be sufficient to ensure its success? Governments have been quick to express their scepticism towards this project, in a more or less vivid manner. To the extent that Paypal already announced its withdrawal from the project and that other Association members are pondering whether to distance themselves from the project. The debate is open.


10 things to know about Facebook's cryptocurrency Libra

libra currency strength

After years of disregarding privacy, exploiting user data and failing to control its platform, Facebook has unveiled a cryptocurrency and payment system that could take down the entire global economy. Facebook has just unveiled its latest bid for world domination—Libra, a cryptocurrency designed to function as private money anywhere on the planet. For fear of raising safety concerns, Facebook has avoided working directly with any commercial banks. He also needs a commitment from governments to enforce the web of contractual relations underpinning the currency, and to endorse the use of their own currencies as collateral. Should Libra ever face a run, central banks would be obliged to provide liquidity.

The questions of exactly what money is and who will control it have become much more interesting, as Facebook unveils plans for a frictionless cryptocurrency called Libra.

Facebook’s Libra must be stopped

Originally published on The Conversation. The UN recognises currencies worldwide as legal tender, all of them issued by nation states. It does not recognise cryptocurrencies like bitcoin in this way, even if communities of enthusiasts have been treating them as a means of exchange for over a decade now. Facebook boasts over half the world population as active monthly users: 2. Combined with the fact that 1. The independent Libra Council that Facebook proposes to oversee this new currency from Geneva will become nothing short of a quasi central bank.


Facebook's New Libra Coin: How Does It Work, and Should You Buy It?

Notwithstanding several high-profile defections, Facebook went ahead to create a new digital currency called Libra, on Tuesday, amidst intense criticism from US regulators and politicians. Facebook director-general Bertrand Perez said that the cryptocurrency launch was originally planned for mid, but he had not ruled out a later start date. The Libra association, which is a collection of institutions to run the cryptocurrency, which has various subsects such as 'Payments', 'Technology and marketplaces', Telecommunications', 'Blockchain', 'Venture Capital' and 'Nonprofit and multilateral organizations and academic institutions'. Calibra, Facebook's financial subsidary, will build and operate services on its behalf on top of the Libra network. The association is to be located in Geneva, Switzerland, so the neutrality laws of the country can be taken advantage of by the company, according to reports. Bitcoin is the most notable cryptocurrency currently in the market.

A strictly digital token, the Libra was to be issued by an This low profile was both a strength and a weakness: It allowed new platforms.

What's the Difference Between Libra and Bitcoin?

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Tax and audit considerations for Facebook’s Libra currency

To facilitate the ease of making payments and transferring money between users, Libra is a digital currency which could well be one of the best currencies to trade following its launch in The app was created on a mission to streamline the way in which users transfer money over many social media platforms and other popular integrated social apps including Spotify, Uber, Mastercard and eBay. Therefore, when it comes to the future of international trade, Libra certainly has the potential to be one of the best currencies to buy. Facebook has developed an alternate version to the blockchain which will be used to transfer money between users of social media platforms, called Libra. Libra will use very similar encrypted technology to that used by the likes of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, but seeks to cut out the unpredictability.

Join or.

The Trouble Starts If Facebook’s New Currency Succeeds

In small economies, could a national currency slowly be replaced with libra? Earlier this year, when Facebook announced its plan to help launch a new digital currency called Libra in , many Western politicians reacted with scepticism and alarm. They asked whether the digital currency — which would exist only electronically and allow money to be transferred instantaneously across borders — could be used to launder money. According to Facebook, libra cannot disrupt the financial systems of certain powerful nations because it will use their currencies in its reserve, alongside financial assets such as government-issued securities. The Libra Association has placed images of market women in Lagos and other scenes from the continent in its adverts, and Facebook emphasises that the digital currency will serve people who lack bank accounts, many of whom are in Africa. Libra could prove highly attractive on the continent.

Facebook’s Libra: Does the World Need Frictionless Money?

Close panel. Press Enter. Central bank-backed digital currencies, such as the potential digital euro and digital yuan, may become a reality in the coming years.


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