Whitepaper crypto meaning

The Federal Reserve building is seen in Washington, U. Jan 20 Reuters - Creating an official digital version of the U. Federal Reserve said in a long-awaited discussion paper released on Thursday. The paper made no policy recommendations and offered no clear signal on where the Fed stands on whether to launch a central bank digital currency CBDC , a digital form of cash in your pocket. The Fed said it would not proceed with creating one "without clear support from the executive branch and from Congress, ideally in the form of a specific authorizing law.



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Whitepaper Database


We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more by visiting our privacy policy. By continuing to use the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn the language around cryptocurrency. This glossary unpacks common terms you might encounter in the world of cryptocurrency.

A crypotocurrency that is not Bitcoin. There are thousands of altcoins with varying values and use cases. Anti-money laundering AML refers to a set of laws, regulations, and procedures intended to prevent criminals from disguising illegally obtained funds as legitimate income. An application program interface API is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications.

The simultaneous buying and selling of securities, currency, or commodities in different market regions to take advantage of differing prices for the same asset. An application-specific integrated circuit ASIC miner is a device designed for the sole purpose of mining Bitcoin. Think of them as specialised Bitcoin mining computers.

The first cryptocurrency built on a blockchain and capped at 21 million units. Created by Satoshi Nakamoto in , Bitcoin is the original cryptocurrency. A cryptocurrency, which hard-forked from Bitcoin on 1 August , with bigger block size, intended to let miners process more transactions per block. A block explorer is a tool that people use to view all cryptocurrency transactions online. Specifically, to view all current and past transactions on the blockchain.

It also tells us the rate of transaction growth and provides other useful information. The block height of a particular block is defined as the number of blocks preceding it in the blockchain. The new coins issued to miners when they have successfully mined a block of transactions on the Bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency network. A decentralised network that records transactions, much like a traditional ledger. These transactions can be any movement of currency, goods or secure data.

When the price of an asset becomes inflated and exceeds the true value of that asset. A candlestick is a type of price chart used in technical analysis that displays the high, low, open, and closing prices of a security for a specific period.

Capitulation is when investors give up any previous gains in any security or market by selling their positions during periods of declines. Capitulation can happen at any time, but typically happens during high volume trading and extended declines for securities. A market correction or bear market often leads investors to capitulate or panic sell. A wallet that is kept offline. This is a security measure to prevent unauthorised access.

Confirmation time is defined as the time elapsed between the moment a blockchain transaction is submitted to the network and the time it is finally recorded into a confirmed block. A consensus mechanism is a fault-tolerant mechanism used in computer and blockchain systems to achieve the necessary agreement on a single data value or a single state of the network among distributed processes or multi-agent systems.

Any digital currency that uses cryptography to validate and secure transactions. The practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties called adversaries. In the context of cryptocurrency, cryptography validates and secures transaction information. An abbreviation for decentralised application.

A DApp has its backend code running on a decentralised peer-to-peer network. A governance protocol, characterised by distributing control and authority amongst all participants. Bitcoin is decentralised because many different miners secure the network. As opposed to a centralised network, like banking, where one authority such as the central bank makes decisions.

A decentralised exchange is a cryptocurrency exchange which operates in a decentralised manner, that is, without a centralised authority. Decentralised exchanges allow peer-to-peer trading of cryptocurrencies. Decentralized finance refers to the digital assets and financial smart contracts, protocols, and decentralized applications DApps built on Ethereum.

The amount of effort needed to mine blocks. Different cryptocurrencies implement different methods of adjusting the difficulty. A digital asset is anything that exists in binary data which is self-contained, uniquely identifiable, and has a value or ability to use. A large database that is consensually shared and synchronised across multiple sites, institutions or geographies.

Double-spending is a potential flaw in a digital cash scheme in which the same single digital token can be spent more than once. A dusting attack is a kind of malicious activity through which hackers and scammers try to dismantle the privacy of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency users by sending out tiny amounts of coins to their personal wallets.

The attackers will then track the activity of these wallets. They can then perform a collective analysis of multiple addresses, which allows them to identify wallet owners. The science of encrypting and decrypting information is called cryptography. This is a common standard for creating tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. ERC is a free, open standard that describes how to build non-fungible or unique tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. While most tokens are fungible every token is the same as every other token , ERC tokens are all unique.

Think of them like rare, one-of-a-kind collectables. The cryptocurrency generated by the Ethereum platform, and used to compensate mining nodes for computations performed. Created by Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum is a distributed computing platform, a blockchain built to process transactions and other information, such as smart contracts.

See our Learning Portal series about Ethereum. A place where buyers and sellers meet to buy and sell an asset, like Bitcoin, shares or derivatives. FOMO is an emotionally and fear-based factor that affects traders by swaying them to make a decision on whether to buy or sell for fear of missing out on potential gains.

A fork occurs when a group of participants miners run a different version of the software protocol. This is a term used when an individual is trying to stoke concern about the future of cryptocurrency. A full node is a program that fully validates transactions and blocks.

Almost all full nodes also help the network by accepting transactions and blocks from other full nodes, validating those transactions and blocks, and then relaying them to further full nodes.

Fungibility is the property of an asset whose individual units are essentially interchangeable, and each of its parts is indistinguishable from another part.

A futures contract is a standardized legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future, between parties not known to each other.

The asset transacted is usually a commodity or financial instrument. A futures exchange or futures market is a central financial exchange where people can trade standardized futures contracts defined by the exchange. The fee or pricing value required to successfully conduct a transaction or execute a contract on the Ethereum blockchain platform. GitHub is a web-based version-control and collaboration platform for software developers. GitHub, which is delivered through a software-as-a-service SaaS business model, was started in and was founded on Git, an open source code management system created by Linus Torvalds to make software builds faster.

Gwei is short for gigawei, or 1,,, wei. Wei, as the smallest base unit of ether, is like what cents are to the dollar and satoshi are to bitcoin. A Bitcoin halving event happens every four years which sees the reward for mining Bitcoin transactions cut in half. Approximately every four years, the reward received by a Bitcoin miner is halved in an attempt to ensure they are issued in such a way that is deflationary.

A hard fork requires all nodes or users to upgrade to the latest version of the protocol software. An alternative to your normal cryptocurrency wallet, this is a dedicated physical device in which private keys are stored usually offline for extra security.

Specifically, it measures the number of times a hash function can be computed per second. Hash rate is also used to measure how much computer power is securing a specific blockchain. This means to hold i. The term became popular in when a typo in a Bitcoin forum went viral.

Initial coin offering or ICO is the sale of tokens on a blockchain before they are issued. The public can pay for these tokens in an ICO and they are issued to participants later. An initial exchange offering IEO is a token sale supervised by a cryptocurrency exchange. Just like ICOs, IEOs allow investors to get new cryptocurrencies or tokens while raising funds for promising crypto projects.

Financial institutions are legally required to apply KYC processes when onboarding new clients. It enables fast transactions among participating nodes and has been touted as a solution to the Bitcoin scalability problem. An order placed by specifying both the amount and price at which you wish to trade. Depending on the price specified, the limit order might trade immediately against existing orders in the order book in that case it is a taker order , or it might itself be inserted into the orderbook waiting for other orders to trade against it in that case it is a maker order.

Liquidity refers to the ease with which an asset, or security, can be converted into ready cash without affecting its market price. A peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and open-source software project. The creation and transfer of coins is based on an open-source cryptographic protocol and is not managed by any central authority.

This is either a limit buy order below the market price or a limit sell order above the market price. Malware is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network.

A wide variety of types of malware exist, including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, rogue software, and scareware. Market capitalization is equal to the share price multiplied by the number of shares outstanding. An order placed by only specifying the amount you wish to trade. The order executes immediately at the best available rate in the market. In other words, the market order matches with existing orders waiting in the orderbook.



13 years after Bitcoin’s whitepaper, what would Satoshi say?

Help us translate the latest version. Page last updated : January 31, This introductory paper was originally published in by Vitalik Buterin, the founder of Ethereum , before the project's launch in It's worth noting that Ethereum, like many community-driven, open-source software projects, has evolved since its initial inception. While several years old, we maintain this paper because it continues to serve as a useful reference and an accurate representation of Ethereum and its vision. To learn about the latest developments of Ethereum, and how changes to the protocol are made, we recommend this guide. Satoshi Nakamoto's development of Bitcoin in has often been hailed as a radical development in money and currency, being the first example of a digital asset which simultaneously has no backing or " intrinsic value " and no centralized issuer or controller.

economies would mean that there would have to be a conversion rate between crypto-currencies and government-backed currencies.

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A white paper, also written as "whitepaper", is an informational document usually issued by a company or not-for-profit organization to promote or highlight the features of a solution, product, or service that it offers or plans to offer. White papers are also used as a method of presenting government policies and legislation and gauging public reaction. White papers are often written as sales and marketing documents to entice or persuade potential customers to learn more about or purchase a particular product, service, technology, or methodology. They are designed to be used as a marketing tool before a sale, and not as a user manual or other technical document developed to provide support to the user after making a purchase. Many white papers are designed for business-to-business B2B marketing purposes, such as between a manufacturer and a wholesaler, or between a wholesaler and a retailer. The white paper is used to inform and persuade the other company that a certain offering, such as a product or technology, is superior for solving a particular business problem or addressing a certain challenge. White papers differ from other marketing materials, such as brochures. While brochures and other materials might be flashy and include obvious sales pitches, a white paper is intended to provide persuasive and factual evidence that a particular offering is a superior method of approaching or solving a problem or challenge. In general, white papers are at least 2, words in length and are written in a more academic style. The following titles are all white papers for Microsoft Azure:.


The role of whitepapers in the crypto asset market

whitepaper crypto meaning

This op-ed was originally published by The Washington Post. Bitcoin, the original cryptocurrency, was launched in The surge in their prices earlier this year minted tens of thousands of cryptocurrency millionaires—at least on paper. Cryptocurrencies might turn out to be a massive speculative bubble that ends up hurting many naive investors. Indeed, many cryptocurrency fortunes have already evaporated with the recent plunge in prices.

As a result, white papers have come to be known as an essential part of creating a new blockchain project or cryptocurrency.

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Develop blockchain applications compatible with the Lisk protocol. No need to learn new languages, everything is being written in JavaScript and TypeScript. The modular design of the Lisk SDK enables you to realize any kind of blockchain technology use-case. The Lisk community is working on multiple proof of concept blockchain applications developed with the Lisk SDK. We are searching for entrepreneurs and developers to build blockchain applications with the Lisk SDK. Join us and receive a 60, CHF grant to expand our ecosystem with ground-breaking blockchain use-cases.


White paper meaning

A white paper is a document that businesses release to promote their products to customers. Startups also use them as a tool for attracting investment. When illustrating the problems that exist in an industry, detailed statistics and case studies from reliable sources will often be included. From here, the company usually sets out their solution to these problems, providing technical details of how their concept will be achieved. This is often accompanied by thorough market research to demonstrate there is an appetite for what is on offer.

The UN/CEFACT Blockchain White Paper Project oversaw the preparation of This is done by performing the pre-defined mathematical operations on the data.

By focusing on the functionality of the blockchain and dedicating it specifically to decentralized finance, DeFiChain provides unparalleled high transaction throughput, reduced risk of errors, and intelligent feature development specifically for the fulfillment of financial services on the blockchain. This document does not constitute nor imply a prospectus of any sort. No wording contained herein should be construed as a solicitation for investment. Accordingly, this whitepaper does not pertain in any way to an offering of securities in any jurisdiction worldwide whatsoever.


Thirteen years ago, on the 31st of October in , Satoshi Nakamoto published the Bitcoin whitepaper. What started out as a digital currency leveraging cryptography has evolved into a deflationary digital asset held in institutional investment portfolios, corporate balance sheets and millions of individual wallets across the world. This is astonishing given the origins and nature of Bitcoin, but if this were to be the end station, would we regard it successful? Forget ROI.

This article was first published on CityAM on 19 October

Contents 1. Whitepaper overview ……………. Whitepaper of the week …………4 3. News …………………………………. Crypto dictionary …………………. Bitcoin FAQ ……………………….

Home » Guides » Blockchain for Business. The idea is very simple. Private companies become publicly traded by selling shares of their company to the public.


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