Are bitcoin gains taxed
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- How to File Your Crypto Taxes (and Not Get Screwed)
- How should cryptocurrency be taxed in India? Here are some thoughts
- Cryptocurrency: Tax Is Not Virtual
- Frequently Asked Questions on Virtual Currency Transactions
- Have you been investing in cryptocurrency? Be prepared as Inland Revenue is coming for you!
- Q&A Crypto Assets - Taxation in Switzerland
- Taxation of Bitcoin and other similar cryptocurrencies
How to File Your Crypto Taxes (and Not Get Screwed)
Cryptocurrency in India may attract tax liability, but the rules are still unclear as the Reserve Bank of India has not yet granted this asset class the status of a legal tender. However, in March , the Indian Supreme Court permitted banks to handle cryptocurrency transactions from traders and exchanges.
In this article, we discuss the generation, purchase, and sale of cryptocurrencies in India, key points where their transactions may have tax implications, and the government position on their usage. Ranging from decentralized digital tokens, such as Bitcoin, to official, sovereign-backed, central bank digital currencies — digital currency has found increasing acceptance as well as enthusiasm among its users. These digital currencies aim to emulate the uses of traditional money as a means of payment, a store of value, and a unit of account.
Mostly used for the purpose of investment, they have also been used by businesses as payments in lieu of goods and services exchanged. Since they are not issued by any central authority, these cryptocurrencies are immune from government interference and manipulation for now. As of early , there were over 4, different cryptocurrencies in circulation worldwide, including the market giants Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and Dogecoin. Despite the exponential increase in the number of digital currencies, 90 percent of the market is claimed by the top 20 cryptocurrencies.
Another reason is the security and transparency provided by this technology. As per a report , over 10 million crypto investors were added by India in This is noteworthy in light of speculation that the federal government plans to impose a ban on the use of cryptocurrency. However, nothing can be said conclusively unless the law regulating the digital currency is passed. However, this decision was overturned by the Indian Supreme Court in March , permitting banks to handle cryptocurrency transactions from traders and exchanges.
The Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, has been tabled by the government in the parliament and will most probably be taken up for discussion in the monsoon session. Presently, the holders of cryptocurrency can freely transfer coins from their wallet to another wallet, anywhere across the globe. Such overseas transactions without proper documentation are considered potent routes for money laundering, thereby violating forex rules, by the ED.
Cryptocurrency exchanges, including WazirX, claim that they have complied with the Know Your Customer KYC norms to ensure identification and verification of the traders and investors who have accounts and wallets with them. If these traders or investors withdraw cryptocurrency, their exchanges can be traced to the address of the external wallet where the digital currency has been sent.
However, this knowledge does not include information identifying the person or entity owning the wallet that has received the crypto money. The ED have explained that mere KYC will not be sufficient to prevent the misuse of digital currency for procuring illicit items like drugs on the dark net, money laundering, or illegitimate betting, among other nefarious activities. However, fintech professionals have pointed out that although this rule could be implemented at a domestic level, enforcing it at an international level with different jurisdictions might prove challenging.
Hence, there are no clear rules or guidelines defining taxability for cryptocurrencies, which calls for specific clarification from the Income Tax IT department. However, experts have speculated upon various possibilities in which cryptocurrency transactions can be taxed under the Income Tax Act as well as the Central Goods and Services Tax CGST Act, — depending on the type of transaction.
Here is a roundup of different cryptocurrency transactions and their tax implications under the Income Tax Act:. These transactions include receipt of cryptocurrency as consideration for sale of goods or supply of services, and sale and purchase of cryptocurrency as stock in trade.
Such transactions are liable for taxation under the Income Tax Act. These incomes include mining of cryptocurrency, dealing in cryptocurrency solely for the purpose of investment, and receipt of cryptocurrency in the form of gifts. These transactions are taxable under the Income Tax Act. Also, the exemptions from tax on gifts received may apply on cryptocurrency as well. Some of the exemptions from tax liability on gifts are gifts received:. Since the cryptocurrency is not recognized as legal tender by the government, employers cannot make salary payments using this digital currency.
Similarly, payment of rent using this currency is not legal and hence not recognized. Therefore, it will not have any tax liability in India under the present law, unless specific guidelines for the same are announced. Thus capital assets include all kinds of property except those expressly excluded under the Act. Therefore, any gains arising out of the transfer of cryptocurrency must be considered as capital gains, if they are held for investment.
Depending on the duration for which these crypto assets are held for the purpose of investment, they would be subject to taxation under long-term capital gains 20 percent post indexation or short-term capital gains taxed as per individual slab rate. Any business activity pertaining to cryptocurrencies or crypto assets, unless specifically exempted, is taxable under the CGST Act. Indian crypto exchanges already charge GST from their users. This indirect tax is included in the trading fee that exchanges add to the buying price of Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, etc.
Furthermore, the exchanges pay GST to the government as part of their general tax payments. It has suggested that cryptocurrency mining be treated as a supply of service as it generates cryptocurrency and charges transaction fees, and as such, should classify as an intangible asset and attract a GST of 18 percent.
Recent reports also suggest that foreign crypto exchanges in India might have to pay GST at 18 percent on cryptocurrency transactions in India.
An equalization levy at two percent might also be imposed on them. This article was originally published on July 6, It was last updated July 20, The firm assists foreign investors throughout Asia from offices across the world, including in Delhi and Mumbai. Readers may write to india dezshira. We also maintain offices or have alliance partners assisting foreign investors in Indonesia , Singapore , Vietnam , Philippines , Malaysia , Thailand , Italy , Germany , and the United States , in addition to practices in Bangladesh and Russia.
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How should cryptocurrency be taxed in India? Here are some thoughts
About a decade ago, no one knew what a cryptoasset or a blockchain was. The use of blockchain to create cryptoassets boomed in recent years with the high fluctuation in value and price, particularly at the end of and early IR has been considering whether transactions involving buying and selling cryptoassets will give rise to taxable income. It is no longer safe to assume that IR is not aware of your cryptoassets, and it is only a matter of time before they start asking questions about what amounts have or have not been included within income tax returns.
Cryptocurrency: Tax Is Not Virtual
In response to a question posed on March 23 in Rajya Sabha, MoS for Finance Anurag Singh Thakur elaborated regarding the taxability status, stating that as per Section 5 of Income Tax Act , the total income will constitute all earnings of an individual, irrespective of the source it is derived from and its legal status. This means that earnings from cryptocurrency-related activities will be included in your taxable income. In fact, any business activity that pertains to cryptocurrencies or assets, unless specifically exempted, is taxable under Goods and Service Tax. But if they are not considered as capital assets and are instead, taxed under income from other sources, then their tax rate will be equivalent to the taxation slab the person falls under. As the government notification mentioned, trading in bitcoins would result in the generation of business income, which is taxable as per the tax slab category the concerned individual falls into. In such a case, its treatment will be similar to receiving money, i. However, on many occasions, the government has mentioned that it does not recognise cryptocurrency as legal tender, and thus, it will not be equated to fiat currency like rupee.
Frequently Asked Questions on Virtual Currency Transactions
The WFH culture coupled with the economic uncertainties resulting from the COVID pandemic worldwide has encouraged Malaysians to seriously consider investments as an additional income source or as an alternative to traditional investments such as buying shares, bonds, option, etc. One such investment opportunity is in cryptocurrency. Given the upward trend of investing in cryptocurrency in Malaysia, the question then arises on whether the gains from investing in cryptocurrency is subject to tax in Malaysia. Although cryptocurrency has already been around for many years, but regulators are still trying to come to grips with the legal and tax aspects of this asset class.
Have you been investing in cryptocurrency? Be prepared as Inland Revenue is coming for you!
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Q&A Crypto Assets - Taxation in Switzerland
To correctly report your income from using virtual currency, you need to determine whether it constitutes business income or loss or a capital gain or loss. If you frequently sell or trade virtual currency, you may be considered to operate a business. Likewise, if you accept virtual currency as payment in the course of your business activities, you must include the dollar amount you would normally have charged for the good or service in your business income. If you operate a mining business and you received cryptocurrency, you must include its value at the time you received it in your business income. If your virtual currency is considered inventory, you will have to estimate its value using one of the following methods:.
Taxation of Bitcoin and other similar cryptocurrencies
Over the last few years the number of people buying and selling cryptocurrencies has increased significantly. Is it any wonder given the significant potential gains which individuals can make! The rollercoaster ride of up and downs has made a number of individuals significant profits and losses! The rules for the taxation of cryptocurrencies in the UK is detailed here.
A crypto asset is a digital representation of value that is not issued by a central bank, but is traded, transferred and stored electronically by natural and legal persons for the purpose of payment, investment and other forms of utility, and applies cryptography techniques in the underlying technology. The onus is on taxpayers to declare all crypto assets-related taxable income in the tax year in which it is received or accrued. Failure to do so could result in interest and penalties. Determination of whether an accrual or receipt is revenue or capital in nature is tested under existing jurisprudence of which there is no shortage.
If an asset token constitutes a debt instrument in the form of a "bond-like" instrument as defined in Swiss tax practice, then secondary market transactions can trigger Swiss securities transfer tax if a Swiss securities dealer as defined in Swiss tax law is involved as a party or an intermediary in the transaction. Crypto assets other than asset tokens constituting a debt instrument in the form of a "bond-like" instrument, however, are generally not taxable securities unless the crypto asset references any other specific taxable security. Learn more about Swiss securities transfer tax in our Pestalozzi tax update of 13 September The use of payment tokens as a means of payment for a supply is treated the same as use of fiat currency.