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The software warehouse is commonly used as record keeping repository which is mostly required while adding new features or fixing bugs. Many data mining techniques and dataset repository are available to predict the software defects. Bug prediction technique is an important part in software engineering area for last one decade. Software bugs which detect at early stage are simple and inexpensive for rectifying the software. Software quality can be enhanced by using the bug prediction techniques and the software bug can be reduced if applied accurately.

Dependent and independent variable are considered in Software bug prediction. To prevent defect based on software metrics software prediction model are used. Metrics based classification categorize component as defective and non-defective. Faculty of Engineering and Technology.


Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 3: Performance and Tools). Show details.

Data Mining Effective for Casing-Failure Prediction and Prevention

It would seem to go against Marketing , but is it possible that, in certain instances, strong sales and positive consumer feedback for a new product can be… bad? Absolutely, if the consumers ponying up for that new product also have a demonstrated history of favoring items that fail. As it turns out, the people who purchased Diet Crystal Pepsi were more likely to have purchased Frito Lay Lemonade, researchers found. If neither rings a bell, well, exactly. And they kept purchasing — while they could, that is — only furthering the mirage of a supportive market. The research contradicted conventional marketing models, like the Bass diffusion model , that correlate strong early sales with a greater chance of long-term success. It showed, in short, that a quick start off the mark does not a marathon runner make.

Predictive Analytics in Insurance – Top 6 Use Cases for 2021

Software engineering is one of the most utilizable research areas for data mining. Developers have attempted to improve software quality by mining and analyzing software data.

Data Mining is a process of finding potentially useful patterns from huge data sets. It is a multi-disciplinary skill that uses machine learning , statistics, and AI to extract information to evaluate future events probability. The insights derived from Data Mining are used for marketing, fraud detection, scientific discovery, etc. Data Mining is all about discovering hidden, unsuspected, and previously unknown yet valid relationships amongst the data. In this phase, sanity check on data is performed to check whether its appropriate for the data mining goals.

Data Mining and Machine Learning for Software Engineering

Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Predicting the number of defects in software at the method level is important. However, little or no research has focused on method-level defect prediction. Therefore, considerable efforts are still required to demonstrate how method-level defect prediction can be achieved for a new software version. In the current study, we present an analysis of the relevant information obtained from the current version of a software product to construct regression models to predict the estimated number of defects in a new version using the variables of defect density, defect velocity and defect introduction time, which show considerable correlation with the number of method-level defects. These variables also show a mathematical relationship between defect density and defect acceleration at the method level, further indicating that the increase in the number of defects and the defect density are functions of the defect acceleration.

In other words, analytics and data cleaning are parts of data mining, but they are only parts of Data mining assists with making accurate predictions.

What is Data Mining?

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Data mining is a powerful new technology with great potential to help companies focus on the most important information in the data they have collected about the behavior of their customers and potential customers. It discovers information within the data that queries and reports can't effectively reveal. This paper explores many aspects of data mining in the following areas:. The amount of raw data stored in corporate databases is exploding. From trillions of point-of-sale transactions and credit card purchases to pixel-by-pixel images of galaxies, databases are now measured in gigabytes and terabytes.

In software projects, a large number of bugs are usually reported to bug repositories. Due to the limited budge and work force, the developers often may not have enough time and ability to inspect all the reported bugs, and thus they often focus on inspecting and repairing the highly impacting bugs. Among the high-impact bugs, surprise bugs are reported to be a fatal threat to the software systems, though they only account for a small proportion.

The US Securities and Exchange Commission issued an advisory Wednesday that warned investors to be wary of Bitcoin or other virtual-currency related investments. While not advising investors to avoid Bitcoin altogether, the financial regulator did caution investors by saying the cryptocurrency is uninsured, unregulated, and volatile. But the SEC's chief concern was the risk of fraud. The government agency also pointed to another investor alert PDF it issued, which outlines the risks of Bitcoin in the context of Ponzi schemes. The SEC said that Ponzi scheme organizers often use the newest tech innovations for their scams.

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Like any Ponzi scheme, earlier participants came in at lower cost, and are now receiving much of the billions of dollars yes, really that newcomers are putting in.

We're here to tell you, for reasons explained below, that as long as the World has governments with the power to tax and spend, that isn't going to happen. Citizens should instead pressure their governments to stop the insane amount of interference in the banking system which has kept it so difficult and expensive for honest people to wire money, open accounts and do business, particularly when they are running small businesses.

They instead issue "fiat" currencies, basically IOUs, the value of which measured in other currencies, or the goods and services it can buy can also crash if they print too much - as Zimbabwe did.

A fiat currency is only as good as the country which issues it. However, a government levies taxes in the same currency creating liabilities for taxpayers , and spends that money to pay civil servants and provide citizens with basic goods and services, such as education, healthcare or public roads, or just hands it out as welfare that its poorer citizens can spend. A government also measures business profits and salaries in the same currency - giving currency its third major function, as a unit of account.

You won't see companies or people filling out their tax returns in Bitcoins. So a government particuarly an elected one has an inherent incentive not to dramatically devalue its currency, destabilising its economy with hyperinflation and reducing the real value of both its tax collections and its expenditures.

What makes you think that a global collective of miners, without a country or an economy to run or an election to win, will not at some point begin to debase their "currency"? Some Bitcoin proponents say that its value is derived from its utility as a medium of exchange - but that just takes you round in an infinite loop, because to be able to exchange value for goods and services, a currency must have a widely-accepted, stable value on its own.

And even if that utility were there, the fees for transactions have begun rising, make Bitcoin unviable for small transactions. This has also prompted a split within the mining community known as a "hard fork" , with a new variation in the software to allow more transaction capcity in every minute settlement run. The result is that each old Bitcoin token on 1-Aug split into a current Bitcoin token and a " Bitcoin Cash " token, and there is no reason why that can't happen again. The combination of price volatility and transaction fees has also resulted in some early adopters such as Valve Corp operator of the Steam gaming platform dropping it as a means of payment.

Other proponents - John McAfee, for example , argue that Bitcoin has value because it costs money to "mine" it in enormous server farms, burning Gigajoules of electricity every second in the "proof of work", literally creating hot air. That, again, is a false and circular argument, because the only reason that so much energy and hardware is being deployed to heat the air is because the price of Bitcoin is so high, and the only reason it is so high is because so much real money is being used to buy Bitcoins.

The key to understanding this is to understand that the Bitcoin software sets the "difficulty" of a cryptographic puzzle so that it is solved by brute force every 10 minutes on average. The more machines working on it, the higher the difficulty is set. In more detail, the algorithm that all Bitcoin miners run is a distributed lottery in which each machine is performing random "hash" calculations on a "block" of transaction data, and the first machine to produce a hash-value below a certain target "wins" the mining reward, currently Each minute block only has room for a certain number of transactions, so the fees are set by bids attached to the submitted transactions.

Bitcoins are just bit sequences of 1s and 0s, or byte numbers. Nothing more than that. When the market crashes, you can't melt them down or use them as jewellery or for electrical circuits. You can just print them out and wonder why you paid so much for a collection of 1s and 0s. The few physical coins that you see in stock photos were just produced as a promotional gimmick. Some are sold "empty" and others have inside them a printed private key for Bitcoins, like a fortune cookie.

Anyone who has that key can transfer the Bitcoins electronically, leaving an empty physical coin. Readers may have observed that Bitcoin seems to have found an application, or a partner, in crime. For example, producers of ransomware software have locked down computers and then demanded that the victims purchase and then send Bitcoins to a designated, anonymous network address. This is certainly an application, but for its utility, criminals still depend on ultimately being able to exchange the Bitcoins for real-world goods and services, or equivalently for fiat currency.

No wonder, then, that most of the World's governments have reacted by classifying any exchange that converts fiat currency to or from Bitcoins as a money-services operator, requiring the usual "know your client" obligations that are imposed on banks and remittance firms, thereby imposing similar administrative costs which are reflected in the conversion fees.

Webb-site Reports News, analysis and opinions since So long as we have governments with the power to tax and spend in their own currencies, digital pseudo-currencies will never gain traction. Bitcoin and its imitators are a zero-sum game in which the sum of all fiat currency paid for it is the sum of all fiat currency received for it, excluding mining costs. The earlier participants are now cashing out the billions that newcomers are putting into this distributed Ponzi scheme.

I plan to demonstrate here that Bitcoin, and companion crypto currencies, are really a digital version of a Ponzi scheme, the first in History supported by social media. We all know what a Ponzi scheme is, it is based on the belief in a non-existent enterprise and only grows so long as new investors with fresh money are brought in. And that is exactly what Bitcoin is. It serves no useful purpose, it is a dream sold by charlatans. If that sounds too harsh, consider the facts. Governments would no longer be needed to issue currency and banks to transfer payments; people could freely and securely trade goods and services, no central authority, no gatekeepers needed. One, cryptocurrencies are not safe.

In fall , the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) sued Gelfman Blueprint, Inc. (“GBI”), and GBI's Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) for operating a.

Welcome to 21st-century Ponzi scheme: Bitcoin

Welch holds the J. Fred Weston Chair in Finance. Digital currencies, in their current form, should be prohibited by law. And not because they are a Ponzi scheme which they are , and not because they can help facilitate criminal activity which they do , but because they incur colossal social waste. This waste is energy. The media organization Diginomics estimates that the energy consumption to fuel bitcoin is equivalent to the consumption of just under 2 million average U. For clarity, let me keep the discussion here to bitcoin, which consists of two separate pieces. Mining is what creates bitcoins in the first place. It is the running of a computer algorithm to solve a mathematical problem.

Bitcoin falls over $100 in a day on reports of ponzi scheme

Published daily by the Lowy Institute. Bitcoin's price remains aloft, like cartoon character Wile E. Coyote, suspended in mid-air after running off a cliff. Is it the next Amazon or tomorrow's Ford Edsel — a dismal flop? Is this just another financial bubble?

Bitcoin is a fantasy.

Bitcoin’s rise in African markets is driven by an old Russian ponzi scheme

More than anything else, it resembles a Ponzi scheme—and the wild claims made on its behalf reveal a great deal about a libertarian strain of.

Bitcoin: man charged over alleged multimillion-dollar Ponzi fraud

Thanks for contacting us. We've received your submission. Ponzi-type scams have been around since the s. The greed and dishonesty never change; the techniques just keep evolving. Wolves like to eat.

The CBI told the Supreme Court on Friday that it was ready to take over the investigation into the multi-crore bitcoin Ponzi scheme in which several investors were allegedly lured on the promise of handsome returns.

Why Bitcoin Isn’t a Ponzi Scheme

The digital currency Bitcoin may have its own Bernie Madoff. Using online handles such as "Pirate" and "pirateat40", Shavers sold "investments" to people around the US. He claimed that "I have yet to come close to taking a loss on any deal" and that the "risk is almost 0" when challenged.

Fifa nft

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Be a part of the conversation on our Discord channel. Join the new wave of gaming, follow us at: Twitter Instagram Telegram Facebook. Get in touch. And, it seems that every day you hear new stories of individual investors around the world who are enhancing their wealth by investing in crypto, NFTs, and blockchain technology.

A weapon or skin in a video game. Your brain downloaded and turned into AI. Literally anything. If you were to buy a physical piece of art, for example, it would have to go through a rigorous authentication process, and even then, its genuineness might well be disputed. This is not the situation with NFTs. There are no ifs or buts — the uniqueness of the NFT is an indisputable fact thanks to blockchain technology. This creates an incredibly transparent and fair landscape when it comes to buying and selling your digital assets.

It can also make your NFTs extremely valuable. If the game shut down tomorrow, all those fancy weapons and skins they have worked very hard for would be lost forever. NFTs completely change the power dynamic here and are completely revolutionising the gaming landscape. If a gamer tokenizes their in-game assets and turns them into an NFT, not only is their ownership undeniable, they also have full control to buy and sell them as they please, on any platform, between any game.

So is it fair to say, blockchain and NFTs are changing the game? We think so! Singapore, October 4th, Pre-registration options will be available for content creators, investors, gamers, and NFT enthusiasts.

With the aim of bringing communities together, HeliconNFT is focused around NFTs, blockchain gaming and esports, all combined into one decentralized platform. HeliconNFT has been inspired by ancient Greece, where Mount Helicon was a source of inspiration for all the art and culture, and the well from which the fabled 9 Muses drew their vision to ignite the world. In the same respect, HeliconNFT will have a unique ecosystem of 9 liquidity mining pools in order to reflect the 9 Muses.

Aligning with the development of the ecosystem, HeliconNFT will be hosting esports and NFT events to bring the 3 billion gamers around the world together, enabling them to make money while gaming on the new platform.

By ensuring the digital world has positive real-world implications, HeliconNFT seeks to be among the greenest and most carbon neutral NFT platforms, by dedicating a percentage of every transaction to a sustainability initiative.

Collectively, HeliconNFT is open to collaborating with organisations and foundations who share a similar vision for a brighter future.

Top Football NFT Blockchain Games and Crypto Coins

With the likes of Axie Infinity taking the world by storm, here's a look at some new NFT games set to release in the near future.

Kylian Mbappe FUT Card

EA says NFTs are part of the future of games industry

Explore football NFT blockchain games and coins where game assets can be stored and traded for crypto. Status: Fully Live. A football fantasy game where players can earn Eth by winning tournaments through collecting and managing the best global football team through digital cards. Status: Beta.

Upload your artwork and have it minted in seconds.

The overwhelmingly popular collections in are star cards and NFT Non-Fungible Token , both of which entered a big bull market unexpectedly. For investors, star cards and NFT worth paying attention to in the year Judging from the tendency, this kind of trend is expected to be intensified and has created countless miracles. NFT, a kind of non-fungible tokens will be ready to shine a light in Its emergence redefines that value can not only always be carried by encrypted currency, but can be carried by another new and unique media, namely cryptocurrency. Also, its trading volume has been skyrocketing. In the same way, it also happened in the field of football-- the Pele Collection Card is the most valuable player card in the world, and a single card on eBay has been maintaining beyond a six digits price. What is behind the dynamics of star card prices at historically high prices is the increasingly prevalent collectibles market.

Developer Ubisoft launched NFT items for 'Ghost Recon Breakpoint' or to have to shell out to compete competitively in Fifa or NBA 2K.

Monkey Ball NFT Game Raises $3 Million

Yeah that is a real shame Trokey66 ,. It's like EA have completely missed the train on the amazing value of nurturing your player community through social media and also using player created content as a commercial cashcow, which it literally is if endorsed and run as you suggested! CyberDyme When we could make player generated emblems in BF4 it become a nightmare for TOS enforcement because there's a large number of players who intentionally create emblems that violate the terms of service hate symbols, sex and narcotics imagery being the most common so EA did what any company would and removed that functionality. Personally I'd rather TOS focus on player reports than emblem enforcement.

Read on to know about the most expensive sports NFT on sale. NFTs can come in any form such as photos, clips, etc. We can think of them as digital tokens or ownership certificates for virtual assets. Through NFTs, digital artworks can get a certificate to identify them as an original. Following are the top fifteen most expensive sports NFT die-hard fans should know about.

Previous generations worried that humanity would be hurried towards its demise by nuclear war.

NFTs have erupted in popularity in recent months as a way to buy and sell digital-only art and collectible items. EA makes the Fifa football series, which uses "card packs" to "collect" players in its Ultimate Team mode. But he also said that NFT ideas were "still really, really early" and came with a "a lot of hype". Bringing NFTs into gaming is sometimes presented as an idea called "play to earn", based around the idea that unique digital items can increase in value over time - and be sold off later for profit. PC Gamer reports that recent job listings at EA have included references to NFTs and the underlying technology they run on, the blockchain. Some game designers believe the concept is bad for gaming overall, but other studios - including major player Ubisoft - are apparently embracing the idea. Games industry analyst Piers Harding-Rolls from Ampere said NFT and blockchain games "are new disruptive forces within the games sector".

The proceeds from the NFT's are used to help them pay for flights, accommodation, food, equipment, training and anything else they may need. Supporters buy into our community via an NFT which ensures that everybody has invested into their shared long term vision. NFT FC have already partnered with professional players and influencers to grow exposure for the project and also offer exclusive giveaways to holders only; free NFT's, signed kits and access to exclusive interviews. Each player round will consist of around players for you to vote on.

Hut 8 has only mined Bitcoin since its launch in But it will start mining Ethereum as of this week, Sue Ennis, head of corporate development and investor relations at Hut 8, told Decrypt. Ethereum, however, will phase out mining as it is set to transform from proof-of-work to proof-of-stake with Ethereum 2. When that happens, Ennis said, Hut 8 will switch to Ethereum Classic mining.

How coal country lawmakers came to love crypto

How coal country lawmakers came to love crypto

The insurance industry normally relies on historical actuarial data that details frequency and severity of loss. The rapidly changing nature of crypto mining technology makes actuarial data unreliable. Therefore, while Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have been mined for over 10 years, a large portion of the insurance industry is still not comfortable underwriting this type of risk.

Old Mutual went on to say that even doing a comprehensive inventory of the insured equipment is difficult, because the value of the highly modified computer equipment is typically inflated and almost impossible to verify as it is usually imported from obscure suppliers in the Far East.

However, crypto mining equipment would readily fall under the description or definition of computer hardware or datacenter server equipment, terms that insurance carriers have experience with. While replacement with like, kind, and quality LKQ is normally quite straightforward, the current volatility and non-standard supply chain make valuation very difficult.

In addition, recovery of hardware that simply exhibits signs of loss, like contamination, is also not as clearly understood. No different than other losses involving time-sensitive equipment, replacement hardware with a five-month lead time presents a challenging solution when business income loss is measured in minutes.

Following a fire to a data center, office building or a bitcoin mining farm, computer equipment is often covered in soot and claimed as damage. Physically the hardware was unharmed, although corrosive contaminants settled on sensitive electronic circuitry. Due to the 5 month lead time and demand for bitcoin mining equipment, replacement may not be the best option.

This is why professional decontamination services are highly sought-after. It restores the Bitcoin servers to the same cleanliness levels they met when first manufactured, and allows owners to resume production with minimal downtime. The post decontamination cleanliness is almost always better than what existed in those servers prior to loss. We've published a white paper on this very topic to provide more information and clarity on underwriting and post-loss considerations for an industry that is growing far quicker than most expected.

Norton antivirus under fire again over crypto mining feature

The computers earn small rewards of Bitcoin by verifying transactions in the currency that are occurring on the internet around the globe. The math required to verify those transactions and earn bitcoins gets more complex all the time, and demands more and more computer power. One estimate from the University of Cambridge says global Bitcoin miners in a year use more energy than Chile. When this energy comes from fossil fuels, the process can add significantly to carbon emissions.

The downside to remote locations is that they typically receive a delayed fire-fighting response. Due to the sense of urgency involved in. Are you a techie who knows how to write?

A bitcoin whale is a cryptocurrency term that refers to individuals or entities that hold large amounts of bitcoin. Whales hold enough cryptocurrency that they have the potential to manipulate currency valuations. Large bitcoin holders are called whales because their movements disturb the waters that smaller fish swim in. According to BitInfoCharts , just three bitcoin wallets owned 3. Whales can be a problem for bitcoin because of the concentration of wealth, particularly if it sits unmoved in an account and lowers liquidity, which, in turn, can increase price volatility. Volatility is further increased if the whale moves a large quantity of bitcoin at once.

While on the web the news of a possible, albeit unlikely, sighting of RTX Ti in the context of a mining farm has aroused not a little curiosity, apparently in Thailand a fire would have destroyed hundreds of current generation video cards. We are in Chiang Mai, Thailand, where, according to a local news bulletin, the police had to intervene to quell a fire that broke out inside a mining farm and then spread to the entire building. Furthermore, according to the photos, it would seem to be dedicated ASICs, so in all probability it was a farm used for approval on Bitcoin blockchain. Fortunately, these are not particularly frequent episodes, however dangerous they may be. Despite the phenomenon of mining is spreading throughout the world, it is not a particularly recent practice. As explained by the well-known miner Jaxson Davidson showing his mining farm with thousands of NVIDIA GPUs, this activity, particularly profitable if you know the fundamentals well, has existed since Bitcoin was born, being one of the pillars of operation of its decentralized economy. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

To put it simply, crypto mining is a process in which a machine performs certain tasks to obtain a bit of cryptocurrency. “It's actually a bunch.

A block of flats is believed to have set on fire as a result of bitcoin mining, according to reports. The top floor of the building in Russia was destroyed in the fire while dozens of other flats were flooded as a result of water from firefighters in Artem, near Vladivostok. Bitcoin works using a system called the blockchain, a virtual ledger which keeps a record of all transactions ever made using the cryptocurrency. Mining requires huge computing power, which means computers are at risk of overheating and potentially bursting into flames.

Read all articles. Bitcoin mining facilities are not your traditional data processing centers. Over the past decade I've had the opportunity to review the property specifications of dozens of data centers, including many cryptocurrency mining facilities. As the price of Bitcoin increases, so do the number of data processing facilities dedicated to mining it.

A fire at a major bitcoin mining farm in China has destroyed millions of dollars worth of equipment, according to reports.

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